Health  Vol.7 No.5 , May 2015
What Do We Know about Individuals Who Are Assessed as Being at Moderate Risk for Future Fracture in Canada?
ABSTRACT
Objective: We examined what was known about individuals in Canada who were assessed as being at moderate risk for future fracture. Methods: A scoping review was conducted. Eligible articles were Canadian studies published from 2010 onwards reporting on primary data that included patients at moderate risk for future fracture. We limited the search to Canada as fracture risk categorization is unique to each country. Studies were identified by searching relevant databases. Two reviewers independently reviewed titles and abstracts to determine each study’s eligibility. General information about each study, demographic information about the moderate risk groups (including tool used to determine moderate risk (Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX), Canadian Association of Radiologists and Osteoporosis Canada (CAROC)), and outcomes (number of patients: recommended treatment, prescribed treatment, initiating treatment, persisting with treatment after six months, who refractured, who died) were documented. Results: We identified 1193 papers which were further screened for eligibility. Of the 1193 identified, 7 were eligible for the review but only 4 articles contained demographic or outcome data on moderate risk patients. In one study, 1.8% of moderate risk patients died over a mean 5.3 years of observation and in three studies, the risk of fracture was 5.9% over a median of 3 years of follow-up, 8.3% over a mean of 5.4 years, and 14.7% over 10 years of follow-up. Conclusion: There is a wide knowledge gap in the literature concerning individuals who are assessed as moderate risk for future fracture in Canada.

Cite this paper
Sale, J. , Jain, R. , Akilan, K. , Senior, K. , Beaton, D. , Bogoch, E. , Boire, G. , Beaulieu, M. , Lightfoot, D. , Funnell, L. (2015) What Do We Know about Individuals Who Are Assessed as Being at Moderate Risk for Future Fracture in Canada?. Health, 7, 514-520. doi: 10.4236/health.2015.75061.
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