OJMH  Vol.5 No.2 , April 2015
Groundwater Leakage and River Runoff in a Catchment Influenced by Tectonic Movement
Abstract: In order to clarify how groundwater leakage and river runoff occur in a catchment under tectonic movement, the water balance was estimated in the forested (88.3% in area) Oikamanai River catchment (area, 62.6 km2), Hokkaido, Japan. The catchment’s geology is early Miocene to Pliocene sedimentary bedrock of partly high permeability, accompanied by currently active faults. Daily evapotranspiration, E, in water balance was calculated by applying the one-layer model to meteorological data in the rainfall season of 2011 and 2012, with the topographic influence on heat balance of the catchment considered. The coupling with the short-term water balance method for river runoff events allows us to estimate groundwater leaking to the other catchments through the faults and bedrock. As a result, the leakage corresponded to 50% - 80% of effective rainfall (=P - E: P, rainfall) in 2011, whereas it was lower or negative in 2012. The estimate of leakage then included variability of ca. 80%. In 2012, shallow groundwater storage seems to retain high baseflow during non-rainfall.
Cite this paper: Hossain, M. , Chikita, K. , Sakata, Y. , Miyamoto, T. and Ochiai, Y. (2015) Groundwater Leakage and River Runoff in a Catchment Influenced by Tectonic Movement. Open Journal of Modern Hydrology, 5, 32-44. doi: 10.4236/ojmh.2015.52004.

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