ABSTRACT Purpose: We report our single-institution experience using hypofractionated radiotherapy in a patient population 75 years and older diagnosed with stage IA or IB (T1/T2 N0) Non-Small Cell Lung Carcinoma. Materials and methods: This is a single-institution, retrospective analysis examining disease free and overall survival and toxicity after hypofractionated radiation therapy in a patient population 75 years and older diagnosed with stage IA or IB (T1/T2 N0) NSCLC. Between 1991 and 2005, a total of 33 such patients were identified with a median age of 79 years. Patients were treated with a median total dose of 7000 cGy using median daily dose fractions of 250 cGy. Analysis of competing risks (local failure, distal failure or death as the first event) was performed and cumulative incidence functions (CIF) were estimated. Results: The median length of follow-up was 19.8 months (range: 4.3 - 103.8 months). Of the 33 patients treated, 21 (63.6% of total) had no evidence of disease recurrence on follow-up imaging over the course of the study. Of the 12 patients with disease recurrence, 6 (18.2% of total) had local failure as the first event and 6 (18.2% of total) had distant metastasis as the first event. Analysis of competing risks showed that at 5 years, the probability of local failure as the first detected event was 19.5% (95%CI: 7.6%, 35.6%); the probability of distal failure as the first detected event was 21.5% (95%CI: 7.9%,39.4%); and the probability of death without recording a failure was 44.1% (95%CI: 26.1%, 60.7%). There were no treatment related deaths reported. Conclusions: Elderly patients diagnosed with stage I non-small cell lung cancer may safely be offered hypofractionated radiotherapy as an effective option with curative intent.
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