Graphene  Vol.4 No.2 , April 2015
New Method for Producing Graphene by Magnetron Discharge in an Atmosphere of Aromatic Hydrocarbons
This paper proposes the method of producing graphene sheets and carbon nanotubes with reactive magnetron sputtering in vapour by sublimation aromatic hydrocarbons (naphthalene) with a structure of the benzene rings in a more natural formation of graphene structures. The carbon grid of molecular structure of aromatic hydrocarbons coincides with the graphene of carbon grid. The article shows the method of obtaining carbon nanostructures. The graphene of peaks was observed with the vibrational mode (2D-zone) at a frequency of ~2728 sm-1 using the method of Raman spectroscopy. Results from studies using atomic force microscopy confirm the formation of graphene sheets and the carbon nanotubes.

Cite this paper
Baitimbetova, B. and Vermenichev, B. (2015) New Method for Producing Graphene by Magnetron Discharge in an Atmosphere of Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Graphene, 4, 38-44. doi: 10.4236/graphene.2015.42004.
[1]   Geim, A.K. and Novoselov, K.S. (2007) The Rise of Graphene. Nature Materials, 3, 183-191.

[2]   Sorokin, P.B. and Chernozatonskii, L.A. (2013) Semiconductor Nanostructures Based on Graphene. Physics-Uspekhi, 2, 113-132.

[3]   Dekoven, B.M., Ward, P.R., Weiss, R.E., et al. (2003) Carbon Thin Film Deposition Using High Power Pulsed Mag- netron Sputtering. The 46th Annual Technical Conference Proceedings, 158-165.

[4]   Cashtanov, P.V., Smirnov, B.M. and Hippler, R. (2007) Magnetron Plasma and Nanotechnology. Physics-Uspekhi, 5, 473-51.

[5]   Antonenko, S.V. and Maltsev, S.N. (2005) Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes by Magnetron Sputtering. Patent No. 2355625.

[6]   Antonenko, S.V. and Maltsev, S.N. (2005) Preparation of Carbon Nanotubes by Magnetron Sputtering with Direct Current. Instruments and Experiment, 3, 150-152.

[7]   Baitimbetova, B.A. and Vermenichev, B.M. (2013) A Method for Producing Carbon Nanostructures by Magnetron Reactive Sputtering of Graphite in Sublime Pairs of Aromatic Hydrocarbons. Patent RK, 0803.1.

[8]   Liu, Y., Pan, C. and Wang, J. (2004) Raman Spectra of Carbon Nanotubes and Nanofibers Prepared by Ethanol Flames. Journal of Materials Science, 39, 1091-1094.

[9]   Eklud, P.C., Holden, J.M. and Jishi, R.A. (1995) Vibrational Modes of Carbon Nanotubes; Spectroscopy and Theory. Carbon, 33, 959-972.

[10]   Nemanich, R.J. and Solin, S.A. (1979) First- and Second-Order Raman Scattering from Finite-Size Crystals of Graphite. Physics Review, B20, 392-401.

[11]   Ferrari, A.C. (2007) Raman Spectroscopy of Graphene and Graphite: Disorder, Electron-Phonon Coupling, Doping and Nonadiabatic Effects. Solid State Communications, 143, 47-57.

[12]   Ni, Z., Wang, Y., Yu, T. and Shen, Z. (2008) Raman Spectroscopy and Imaging of Graphene. Nano Research, 1, 273- 291.

[13]   Mohiuddin, T.M.G., Lombardo, A., Nair, R.R., Bonett, A., Savini, G., Jalil, R., Bonini, N., Basko, D.M. and Galiotis, C. (2009) Uniaxial Strain in Graphene by Raman Spectroscopy: G Peak Splitting, Grueneisen Parameters, and Sample Orientation. Physical Review B (Condensed Matter and Materials Physics), 79, Article ID: 205433.

[14]   Ferrari, A.C., Meyer, J.C., Scardaci, V., Casiraghi, C., Lazzeri, M., et al. (2006) Raman Spectrum of Graphene and Graphene Layers. Physical Review Letters, 97, Article ID: 187401.

[15]   Luican, A., Li, G.H., Reina, A., Kong, J., Nair, R.R., Novoselov, K.S., Geim, A.K. and Andrei, E.Y. (2011) Single-Layer Behavior and Its Breakdown in Twisted Graphene Layers. Physical Review Letters, 106, Article ID: 126802.

[16]   Reich, S. and Thomsen, Ch. (2004) Raman Spectroscopy of Graphite. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, 2271-2288.