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 JAMP  Vol.3 No.4 , April 2015
Dirac Coupled Channel Analyses of Proton Inelastic Scatterings from s-d Shell Nuclei
Abstract: Proton inelastic scatterings from several s-d shell nuclei are analyzed using optical potential model and collective model in Dirac coupled channel formalism. The optical potential parameters obtained phenomenologically for the scatterings from the s-d shell nuclei are compared with each other for systematic Dirac analysis. Dirac equations are reduced to the second-order differential equations in order to obtain the Schroedinger equivalent effective central and spin-orbit optical potentials, and the surface-peaked phenomena are observed at the real effective central potentials for the scatterings from 22Ne, 20Ne and 24Mg. By analyzing the obtained effective spin-orbit potentials, it is confirmed that the spin-orbit interaction is a surface-peaked interaction. The first-order rotational collective models are used to describe the low-lying excited states of the ground state rotational bands in the s-d shell deformed nuclei, and the obtained deformation parameters are analyzed by comparing with each other, and compared with those obtained by using the nonrelativistic calculations. The obtained deformation parameters of Dirac phenomenological calculations for the s-d shell nuclei are found to agree pretty well with those of the nonrelativistic calculations using the same Woods-Saxon potential shape, even though the theoretical bases are quite different.
Cite this paper: Shim, S. , Kim, M. and Kim, Y. (2015) Dirac Coupled Channel Analyses of Proton Inelastic Scatterings from s-d Shell Nuclei. Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics, 3, 443-448. doi: 10.4236/jamp.2015.34056.
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