OJEpi  Vol.5 No.2 , May 2015
Current Status and Predictors of Diarrhoeal Diseases among Under-Five Children in a Rapidly Growing Urban Setting: The Case of City Administration of Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia
Abstract: Background: Diarrhoeal disease in under-five children is a serious public health challenge especially in low income countries including Ethiopia. In Ethiopia, several interventions are going on to reduce morbidity, and mortality of children. The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence and associated factors of diarrhoeal diseases among under-five children in the City Administration of Bahir Dar. Methods: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted on a sample size of 667 mothers/caregivers having under-five children. Participants were selected through multistage sampling technique. Structured questionnaire and observation checklist were used to collect data. It was analyzed using SPSS version 16 for windows. Logistic regression was applied to measure possible associations. Strength of association, and statistical significance was measured using odds ratio and confidence interval at 95% confidence level. Results: A total of 667 mothers/ caregivers with under-five children were included in the study. Two-week prevalence of diarrhoea was 21.6%. Households in rural part of the city (OR: 2.82, 95%CI: 1.66 - 4.81), monthly income ≤ birr 500 (OR: 2.27, 95%CI: 1.44 - 3.57, failure to use separate container for storing drinking water (OR: 1.78, 95%CI: 1.17 - 2.70), presence of human excreta in the compound (OR: 1.88, 95% (1.15 - 3.06) were found to be predictors of childhood diarrhoea. Conclusion: Diarrhoeal diseases remain serious public health challenge in rural as well as urban set ups in Ethiopia with particular reference to Bahir Dar City, despite several interventions over decades. Therefore, interventions, and strategies applied so far to eliminate diseases of poverty including diarrhoeal diseases should be re-visited.
Cite this paper: Gedefaw, M. , Takele, M. , Aychiluhem, M. and Tarekegn, M. (2015) Current Status and Predictors of Diarrhoeal Diseases among Under-Five Children in a Rapidly Growing Urban Setting: The Case of City Administration of Bahir Dar, Northwest Ethiopia. Open Journal of Epidemiology, 5, 89-97. doi: 10.4236/ojepi.2015.52012.

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