IJMPCERO  Vol.4 No.2 , May 2015
Assessment of Organ Dose by Direct and Indirect Measurements for a Wide Bore X-Ray Computed Tomography Unit That Used in Radiotherapy
ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to investigate the organ doses of patients undergoing computed tomography (CT) examination using the wide bore General Electric (GE) “Light Speed RT” unit. The head, chest and pelvic regions of the Rando-phantom were scanned with 120 kV, 200 mA, and 2.5 mm slice thickness for helical and axial modes. Thermoluminescent Dosimeter (TLD) pairs were used for the dosimetry of 10 organs. TL-counts were converted to dose by using CTDIcenter dose on CT-phantom. For the calculation of the organ doses, the ImPACT software was utilized by entering CTDIair (100 mAs) in small and large field of view (26.43 and 21.17 mGy respectively). The in-field dose ranges in helical and axial modes were 64.3 - 38 mGy and 47.6 - 19.7 mGy in head, 48.3 - 14.1 mGy and 34.1 - 10 mGy in chest, 28.4 - 10.2 mGy and 21 - 8.5 mGy in pelvic, respectively. The organ doses from software and TLD were compared and tailored as the in-field and the out-field radiation. First results showed that the organ dose was relatively higher in the helical mode on both direct and indirect measurement. The in-field organ dose differences between TLD and software were seen. In helical and axial modes, the dose differences ranged from +1 to +13.3 and -8.3 to +9.6 mGy for head exam, +1.1 to +15.3 and +0.3 to +9.1 mGy for chest, and -21.7 to +1.9 and -15.5 to +1.8 mGy for pelvic. The availability of this program for organ dose calculations by measuring CTDIair value for CT device used in the radiotherapy would be considered valuable.

Cite this paper
Cakmak, E. , Tuncel, N. and Sindir, B. (2015) Assessment of Organ Dose by Direct and Indirect Measurements for a Wide Bore X-Ray Computed Tomography Unit That Used in Radiotherapy. International Journal of Medical Physics, Clinical Engineering and Radiation Oncology, 4, 132-142. doi: 10.4236/ijmpcero.2015.42017.
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