AJPS  Vol.6 No.7 , April 2015
Varietal Reaction of Cucumber against Cucumber mosaic virus
Abstract: Family Cucurbitaceae is primarily found in the warmer regions of the world. It is the major family for economically important species, particularly edible fruits. In Pakistan cucurbits occupies an area of 28,600 ha with a very low production in Khyber Pukhtunkhwa due to many biotic and abiotic stresses. The reason is also the lack of growers’ awareness about the diseases and the cultural practices adopted to provide favorable environment for development of epidemics. Viral diseases such as Cucumber mosaic virus (CMV) cause losses as high as 100%. Various control strategies are being used to control CMV. The aim of the current study was to screen out different verities and to find the most resistant one against CMV. CMV isolate was collected from farmer’s field at the site of TaruJaba during a survey of cucurbit crops. The identity of the virus was confirmed through DAS-ELISA using diagnostic kit (ADGEN, UK). Seventeen cucumber germplasm seeds were sown in earthen pots in which fourteen were germinated and exhibited characteristics symptoms of the virus while none of them showed resistance against CMV. Symptoms’ expression was delayed in summer green and local green till 12 days post inoculation. While in khyber, Diamond, VEGAF1 and Yousaf, symptoms started to appear soon after inoculation categorizing them as highly susceptible. No resistance is found in available commercial germplasm, so more germplasm from different area of Pakistan should be tested for resistance against CMV. If no resistance is found locally imported, germplasm can be evaluated for a source of resistance against the prevalent isolates of CMV.
Cite this paper: Akbar, A. , Ahmad, Z. , Begum, F. , Ubairah, &. , Raees, N. (2015) Varietal Reaction of Cucumber against Cucumber mosaic virus. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 833-838. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.67090.

[1]   Jeffrey, C. (1990) Systematic of the Cucurbitaceae. In: Bates, D.M., Robinson, R.W. and Jeffrey, C., Eds, Biology and Utilization of the Cucurbitaceae, Cornel University Press, Ithaca, 3-9.

[2]   FAO (2006) Food and Agriculture Organization. Production Year Book. FAO, 2004.

[3]   FAO (2004) Food and Agriculture Organization. Production Year Book. FAO, 2004.

[4]   Anonymous (2006) AVRDC—The World Vegetable Center, 2006.

[5]   MINFAL (2008) Agriculture Statistics of Pakistan 2008. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock Government of Pakistan, Islamabad.

[6]   Anonymous (2008) Agriculture Statistic of Pakistan. Government of Pakistan, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Economic Wing, Islamabad.

[7]   Ullman, D.E., Cho, J. and German, L. (1991) Occurrence and Distribution of Cucurbits Viruses in the Hawaii Island. Plant Disease, 75, 367-370.

[8]   Provident, R. (1996) Disease Caused by Viruses. In: Zitter T.A., Hopkins, D.L. and Thomas, C.E., Eds., Compendium of Cucurbit Diseases, APS Press, St. Paul, 37-45.

[9]   Nameth, S.T., Dodds, J.A., Paulus, A.O. and Laemmlen, F.F. (1986) Cucurbit Viruses of California: An Ever Changing Problem. Plant Diseases, 70, 8-11.

[10]   Roossinck, M.J. (2001) Cucumber mosaic virus, a Model for RNA Virus Evolution. Molecular Plant Pathology, 2, 59-63.

[11]   Ali, A., Natsuaki, T. and Okuda, S. (2004) Identification and Molecular Characterization of Viruses Infecting Cucurbits in Pak. Journal of Phytopathology, 152, 677-682.

[12]   Khalid, S. and Ahmad, I. (1997) Occurrence of Zucchini Yellow Mosaic Virus (ZYMV) in Pakistan International. Conference on Integrated Plant Disease Management for Sustainable Agriculture, New Delhi, 10-15 November 1997, 225 p.

[13]   Shah, H., Yasmin, T., Fahim, M., Hmeed, S., Haque, I.U., Munir, M. and Khanzada, K.A. (2011) Reaction of Exotic and Indigenous Capsicum Genotypes against Pakistani Isolates of Chili Veinal Mottle Virus. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 43, 1707-1711.

[14]   Sugiyama, M., Ohara, T. and Sakata, Y. (2006) A New Source of Resistance to Cucumber Green Mottle Mosaic Virus in Melon. Journal of the Japanese Society for Horticultural Science, 75, 469-475.

[15]   Iqbal, S., Ashfaq, M., Shah, H., Haq, M.I. and Aziz-UdDin (2012) Prevalence and Distribution of Cucumber Mosaic Cucumovirus (CMV) in Major Chili Growing Areas of Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 44, 1749-1754.

[16]   Green, S.K. and Kim, J.S. (1991) Characteristics and Control of Viruses Infecting Peppers: A Literature Review. Technical Bulletin No. 18, Asian Vegetable Research and Development Centre, 60 p.

[17]   Duffus, J.E. (1971) Role of Weeds in the Incidence of Virus Diseases. Annual Review of Phytopathology, 9, 319-340.

[18]   Stevens, W.A. (1983) Virology of Flowering Plants. Blackie, New York, 116.

[19]   Palukaitis, P., Roossinck, M.J., Dietzgen, R.G. and Francki, F.I.B. (1992) Cucumber mosaic virus. Advances in Virus Research, 41, 281-348.

[20]   Solangi, G.R., Moghal, S.M. and Khanzada, S.D. (1983) Identification of Some Viruses Infecting Solananeous Hosts in Sindh. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 15, 19-24.

[21]   Bos, L. (2000) Plant Viruses, Unique and Intriguing Pathogens. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden, 358 p.

[22]   Hull, R. (2014) Plant Virology. 5th Edition, Academic Press, London, 854 p.

[23]   Ashfaq, M., Khan, M.A., Mughal, S.M., Javed, N., Mukhtar, T. and Bashir, M. (2007) Evaluation of Urdbean Germplasm for Resistance against Urdbean Leaf Crinkle Virus. Pakistan Journal of Botany, 39, 2103-2111.