ABSTRACT In the review written in the form of answers to questions from the expert group of UNESCO headed by IoannaKucuradi, dr. ph., the general contours of educational process in the Chuvash Republic are described on the basis of statistical and sociological data. The authors conclude that Chuvashia occupies an unstable intermediate position between two estimations: on the one hand, balanced situation in the sphere of culture of interethnic relations and support of humanistic development of the person in the system of education, and on the other hand, social and economic backlog of the region, belittling of the role of regional components of education, language, literature, culture, which negatively influences the status and quality of ethnonational school. National school in the Chuvash Republic doesn’t exist in its full sense. Strengthening of an ethnoregional component in school and high school education of Chuvashia is explained by the growth of national consciousness of the people, ethnopolitical transformations in the country and support by the federal centre of researches on ethnoproblematics. Among actual problems in the system of education of the Republic one can mark the absence of demand for experts with higher education on labour market, low level of wages of experts, high rate of unemployment among youth, discrepancy between the educational structure of graduates and the structure of available vacancies, necessity of strengthening of connection between vocational training and labour market. It’s established that the ethnic aspect of existence of multiethnic population of Chuvashiya is not the ground for violence and terrorism as the humanity and tolerance principles lay at the heart of the Chuvash ethnomentality, and the main values of the Chuvash ethnopedagogics are peace, work, honour and equality of all people.
Cite this paper
Nikitina, E. , Stanyal, V. and Trifonov, G. (2015) Education and National Politics in Chuvashia (1960-2014). Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 50-60. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.34007.
 Lapin, N.I. and Belyaeva, L.A., Eds. (2009) Regions in Russia: Social and Cultural Portraits of the Regions in All-Russian Context. Academia, Moscow, 658-667.
 Boyko, I.I., Kharitonova, V.G. and Shabunin, D.M., Eds. (2011) The Chuvash Republic. Social and Cultural Portrait. Chuvash State Institute of the Humanities, Cheboksary, 183.
 The Constitution of the Chuvash Republic (2011) Chuvash Publishing House, Cheboksary, 5.
 Maksimov, N. (2013) Opposition Fights with Chaos in the State Council. Just Russia-Chuvashia, 6 April, 1-2.
 Litsenberger, O.A. (2011) Perception by the Government of Ethnic Cultural and Religious Self-Expression. Reporter of the Russian nation, 4-5, 232-241.
 Presidential Programme “New School”—In Development (1998) National School, 2, 33-39.
 Moiseev, P.V. and Nikitina, E.V. (2002) The Nation Will Preserve Itself by Its National School (Interview with G.N. Volkov). National School, 5, 6-10.