SM  Vol.5 No.2 , April 2015
Social Pressure on Patient Decision Making through Shifting Mental Models: Presenting Evidence to Patients
Author(s) Dennis J. Mazur*
ABSTRACT
In humans, the processes of thinking or making decisions are usually based on mental models. Some of these mental models are designed to represent how humans think and decide, while others aim to improve their thinking and decision making. In decision making related to a patient’s health and medical care, high courts aim to protect the patient’s right to be involved in this process, while societal forces attempt to control costs associated with health and medical decision making. This paper examines legal, decision making, and social theories regarding the societal forces that attempt to influence the grounds upon which a patient thinks and decides about his or her health and medical care.

Cite this paper
Mazur, D. (2015) Social Pressure on Patient Decision Making through Shifting Mental Models: Presenting Evidence to Patients. Sociology Mind, 5, 100-104. doi: 10.4236/sm.2015.52010.
References
[1]   (1767). Slater v. Baker & Stapleton. 95 Eng Rep 860.

[2]   (1972). Canterbury v. Spence. 464 F.2d 772.

[3]   (1980). Reibl v. Hughes.2 S.C.R. 880.

[4]   (1992). Rogers v. Whitaker. 175 CLR 479.

[5]   Baron, J. (2006). Thinking and Deciding (4th ed.). New York: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511840265

[6]   Che Ngah, A. (2005). Informed Consent in Malaysia: An Overview. International Journal of Bioethics, 16, 143-161, 199.

[7]   Granger Morgan, M., Fischhoff, B., Bostrom, A., & Atman, C. J. (2001). Risk Communication: A Mental Models Approach. New York: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511814679

[8]   Howard, R. A. (2007). The Foundations of Decision Analysis Revisited. In W. Edwards, R. F. Miles Jr., & D. von Winterfeldt (Eds.), Advances in Decision Analysis: From Foundations to Applications. New York, NH: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511611308.004

[9]   Lichtenstein, S., & Slovic, P. (Eds.) (2006). The Construction of Preference. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511618031

[10]   Mazur, D. J. (1986). Informed Consent: Court Viewpoints and Medical Decision Making. Medical Decision Making, 6, 224- 230.

[11]   Mazur, D. J. (2014). Evidence in Patient-Based Decision Making. GJHSS, 14, 37-47.

[12]   Mental Models and Reasoning Lab, Princeton University (2014). Mental Models and Reasoning.
http://mentalmodels.princeton.edu/about/what-are-mental-models/

[13]   Oshima Lee, E., & Emanuel, E. J. (2013). Shared Decision Making to Improve Care and Reduce Costs. New England Journal of Medicine, 368, 6-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMp1209500

[14]   Sandman, L., & Munthe, C. (2009). Shared Decision Making and Patient Autonomy. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics, 30, 289-310.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11017-009-9114-4

[15]   Slovic, P. (1995). The Construction of Preference. American Psychologist, 50, 364-371.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/0003-066X.50.5.364

[16]   Sox, H. C., Blatt, M. A., Higgins, M. C., & Marton, K. I. (1988). Medical Decision Making. Boston: Butterworths.

 
 
Top