Cite this paper
Hutchin, R. (2015) A New Physical Model for the Vacuum Field Based on Einstein’s Stimulated Emission Theory. Optics and Photonics Journal
, 109-112. doi: 10.4236/opj.2015.54009
 Casimir, H. (1948) On the Attraction between Two Perfectly Conducting Plates. Proc. Kon. Nederland. Akad. Wetensch., B51, 793-795.
 Bordag, M., Mohideen, U. and Mostepanenko, V.M. (2001) New Developments in the Casimir Effect. Physics Reports, 353, 1-205. (200+ page review paper) http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0370-1573(01)00015-1
 Lamb, W.E. and Retherford, R.C. (1947) Fine Structure of the Hydrogen Atom by a Microwave Method. Physical Review, 72, 241-243. http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRev.72.241
 Einstein, A. (1917) Zur Quantentheorie der Strahlung (On the Quantum Theory of Radiation). Physika Zeitschrift, 18, 121-128.
 Faria, A.J., Franca, H.M., Gomes, G.G. and Sponchiado, R.C. (2005) The Vacuum Electromagnetic Fields and the Schrodinger Picture. arxiv:quant-ph/0510134v2f. (Faria’s eq. 7 is the same as our equation 2, except in units of Joules/cm3/(radian per second). One must multiply by 2 to get Joule/cm3/Hz and then by c to get watt/cm3/Hz—the units that Einstein uses in his 1917 paper. Faria references Marshall below for a derivation based on 0.5 h of E&M energy per vacuum mode—the minimum energy for a quantum oscillator.)
 Marshall, T.W. (1963) Random Electrodynamics. Proceedings of the Royal Society A, 276, 475. http://dx.doi.org/10.1098/rspa.1963.0220