JSS  Vol.3 No.4 , April 2015
Effects of the Program: “Salas para la Paz”, on the Degree of Human Development of Individuals with Drug Addiction
ABSTRACT
This study estimates the impact that the program “Salas para la Paz” (Rooms for Peace), implemented by “Promoción de Paz, A.B.P.” (Peace Promotion, private association for beneficence), has on different aspects of human development, in individuals with addiction, in Monterrey, México. By testing mean differences and using propensity score matching, group comparisons are made, based on the time the subjects have been in the program. The study is based on information obtained from interviews conducted on the participants, and their families. Results based on the answers of the first group, reveal that the program has little or no effect whatsoever. On the other hand, the answers of the second group lead to mixed results, which tend to confirm that direct participant human development increases starting from the second month of treatment.

Cite this paper
González-García, H. , Salazar-Cantú, J. , Rodríguez-Guajardo, R. , Fernández-Flores, K. and Ortega-Vázquez, C. (2015) Effects of the Program: “Salas para la Paz”, on the Degree of Human Development of Individuals with Drug Addiction. Open Journal of Social Sciences, 3, 16-28. doi: 10.4236/jss.2015.34003.
References
[1]   Hernández, D., Orozco, M. and Vázquez, S. (2008) Métodos de focalización en la política social en México. Un estudio comparativo.economía mexicana. Nueva época, 17, 101-137. http://www.economiamexicana.cide.edu/num_anteriores/XVII-1/04_HERNANDEZ_101-137.pdf

[2]   Promoción de Paz (No Year) Salas para la Paz: un espacio para prevenir la violencia, las adicciones y los delitos. Non-Published Document.

[3]   Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social (2006) Evaluación de impacto del Programa de Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades. http://evaluacion.oportunidades.gob.mx:8010/es/docs/docs2006.php

[4]   Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social (2008) Evaluación de impacto del Programa de Desarrollo Humano Oportunidades. http://evaluacion.oportunidades.gob.mx:8010/es/docs/docs2008.php

[5]   Consejo Nacional de Evaluación de la Política de Desarrollo Social (2008) Evaluación específica de desempe?o del Programa Educativo en Materia de Prevención de Adicciones. http://www.sep.gob.mx/es/sep1/sep1_Programa_Educativo_en_Materia_de_Prevencion_d

[6]   Campbell, D. and Stanley, J. (2005) Dise?os experimentales y cuasiexperimentales en la investigación social. Amorrortu, Buenos Aires.

[7]   Langbein, L. and Felbinger, C. (2006) Public Program Evaluation. M. E. Sharpe, New York.

[8]   Sen, A. (1996) Capacidad y bienestar. In: Nussbaum, M.C. and Sen, A., Eds., La calidad de vida, Fondo de Cultura Económica, México, 54-83.

[9]   Sen, A. (2010) La idea de la justicia. Taurus, México.

[10]   Ruiz, M. (2004) Elaboración de un instrumento de medición del desarrollo humano para estudiantes de ingeniería. Ph.D. Thesis, Universidad Iberoamericana, México DF.

[11]   West, R. (2001) Theories of Addiction. Addiction, 96, 3-13. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.96131.x/epdf http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.96131.x

[12]   Bobo Kovac, V. (2013) The More the ‘Merrier’: A Multi-Sourced Model of Addiction. Addiction Research & Theory, 21, 19-32. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/pdfplus/10.3109/16066359.2012.691581 http://dx.doi.org/10.3109/16066359.2012.691581

[13]   Drummond, D.C. (2001) Theories of Drug Craving, Ancient and Modern. Addiction, 96, 33-46. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.961333.x/epdf http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.961333.x

[14]   Graham, M.D., Young, R.A., Valach, L. and Wood, R. (2008) Addiction as a Complex Social Process: An Action Theoretical Perspective. Addiction Research and Theory, 16, 121-133. http://informahealthcare.com/doi/pdfplus/10.1080/16066350701794543 http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16066350701794543

[15]   Becker, G.S. and Murphy, K.M. (1988) A Theory of Rational Addiction. Journal of Political Economy, 96, 675-700. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1830469?seq=1&cid=pdf-reference#references_tab_contents http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/261558

[16]   Brown, L.G. (1931) The Sociological Implications of Drug Addictions. Journal of Educational Sociology, 4, 358-369. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2961617 http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2961617

[17]   Alter, A. (2013) Where We Are Shapes Who We Are. The New York Times, SR 12. http://www.nytimes.com/2013/06/16/opinion/sunday/a-self-defined-by-place.html

[18]   Wallen, J. (1993) Addiction in Human Development: Developmental Perspectives on Addiction and Recovery. The Haworth Press, New York.

[19]   Stigler, G. and Becker, G. (1977) De Gustibus Non Est Disputandum. The American Economic Review, 67, 76-90. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1807222

[20]   Pacula, R. (1997) Economic Modelling of the Gateway Effect. Health Economics, 6, 521-524. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1050(199709)6:5%3C521::AID-HEC301%3E3.0.CO;2-6/epdf http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/(SICI)1099-1050(199709)6:5<521::AID-HEC301>3.0.CO;2-6

[21]   Johnson, P. and Glassman, M. (1998) The Relationship between Ethnicity, Gender and Alcohol Consumption: A Strategy for Testing Competing Models. Addiction, 93, 583-588. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1046/j.1360-0443.1998.93458313.x/epdf http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1360-0443.1998.93458313.x

[22]   Rosenbaum, P. and Rubin, D. (1983) The Central Role of Propensity Score Matching in Observational Studies for Causal Effects. Biometrika, 70, 41-55. http://biomet.oxfordjournals.org/content/70/1/41.full.pdf+html http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/biomet/70.1.41

[23]   Becker, S.O. and Ichino, A. (2002) Estimation of Average Treatment Effects Based on Propensity Scores. The Stata Journal, 4, 358-377. http://www.stata-journal.com/article.html?article=st0026

 
 
Top