Back
 EPE  Vol.7 No.3 , March 2015
Energy Analysis and Exergy Utilization in the Residential Sector of Cameroon
Abstract: In this paper, we present an analysis of energy and exergy utilization in the residential sector of Cameroon by considering the sectoral energy and exergy flows for the years of 2001-2010. Exergy analysis of Cameroon residential sector utilisation indicates a less efficient picture than that obtained by the energy analysis. Cooking stands out as the most inefficient end use in the Cameroon’s residential sector. In 2010, the energy and exergy efficiency are determined and were respectively 58.74% and 22.63%. Energy and exergy flows diagrams for the overall efficiencies of Cameroon residential sector are illustrated and a comparison with the residential sector of other countries is also done. To carry out this study, a survey of 250 households was conducted and the sharing of the end uses of energy was done and data were gathered.
Cite this paper: Armel, T. , Vidal, A. and René, T. (2015) Energy Analysis and Exergy Utilization in the Residential Sector of Cameroon. Energy and Power Engineering, 7, 93-104. doi: 10.4236/epe.2015.73009.
References

[1]   (2010) Energy Information System.

[2]   Saidur, R., Masjuki, H.H. and Jamaluddin, M.Y. (2007) An Application of Energy and Exergy Analysis in Residential Sector of Malaysia. Energy Policy, 35, 1050-1063.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enpol.2006.02.006

[3]   Moran, M. (1982) Availability Analysis: A Guide to Efficient Energy Use. Prentice-Hall, Upper Saddle River.

[4]   Reistad, G. (1975) Available Energy Conversion and Utilization in the United States. Journal of Energy Power, 97, 429-434.

[5]   Wall, G., Sciubba, E. and Naso, V. (1994) Exergy Use in the Italian Society. Energy—The International Journal, 19, 1267-1274.

[6]   Ozdogan, O. and Arikol, M. (1995) Energy and Exergy Analyses of Selected Turkish Industries. Energy, 20, 73-80.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0360-5442(94)00054-7

[7]   Hammond, G.P. and Stapleton, A.J. (2001) Exergy Analysis of the United Kingdom Energy System. IMech-Journal of Power and Energy, 215, 141-162.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/0957650011538424

[8]   Ertesvag, I.S. and Mielnik, M. (2000) Exergy Analysis of the Norwegian Society. Energy, 25, 957-973.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(00)00025-6

[9]   Xi, J. and Chen, G.Q. (2005) Exergy Analysis of Energy Utilization in the Transportation Sector in China. Energy Policy, 34, 1709-1719.

[10]   Dincer, I., Hussain, M. and Al-Zaharnah, I. (2004) Analysis of Sectoral Energy and Exergy Use of Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Energy Research, 28, 205-243.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/er.962

[11]   Dincer, I., Hussain, M.M. and Al-Zaharnah, I. (2004) Energy and Exergy Utilization in Transportation Sector of Saudi Arabia. Applied Thermal Engineering, 24, 525-538.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2003.10.011

[12]   Dincer, I., Hussain, M.M. and Al-Zaharnah, I. (2004) Energy and Exergy Use in Public and Private Sector of Saudi Arabia. Energy Policy, 32, 1615-1624.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0301-4215(03)00132-0

[13]   Ertesvag, I.S. (2005) Energy, Exergy, and Extended-Exergy Analysis of the Norwegian Society 2000. Energy, 30, 649-675.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2004.05.025

[14]   Al-Ghandoor, A., Al-Hinti, I., Akash, B. and Abu-Nada, E. (2008) Analysis of Energy and Exergy Use in the Jordanian Urban Residential Sector. International Journal of Exergy, 5, 413-428.

[15]   Szargut, J., Morris, D. and Steward, R. (1988) Exergy Analysis of Thermal, Chemical, and Metallurgical Processes. Hemisphere Publishing Corporation, New York.

[16]   Petchers, N. (2003) Combined Heating, Cooling and Power Handbook: Technologies and Application. The Fairmont Press, Lilburn.

[17]   Utlu, Z. and Hepbasli, A. (2007) A Review on Analyzing and Evaluating the Energy Utilization Efficiency of Countries. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 11, 1-29.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2004.12.005

[18]   Utlu, Z. and Hepbasli, A. (2005) Analysis of Energy and Exergy Use of the Turkish Residential-Commercial Sector. Building and Environment, 40, 641-655.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.buildenv.2004.08.006

[19]   Utlu, Z. and Hepbasli, A. (2003) A Study on the Evaluation of Energy Utilization Efficiency in the Turkish Residential-Commercial Sector Using Energy and Exergy Analyses. Energy and Buildings, 35, 1145-1153.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enbuild.2003.09.003

[20]   Rosen, M.A. and Dincer, I. (1997) Sectoral Energy and Exergy Modeling of Turkey. Transaction ASME, 119, 200-204.

[21]   Ileri, A. and Gurer, T. (1998) Energy and Exergy Utilization in Turkey during 1995. Energy, 23, 1099-1106.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0360-5442(98)00063-2

 
 
Top