IJG  Vol.6 No.3 , March 2015
Fluid Inclusion Petrography and Microthermometry of Zn and Pb Deposits of Rajpura-Dariba Bethumni Belt, Udaipur District (Rajasthan), India
ABSTRACT
The Proterozoic Aravalli-Delhi orogenic complex hosts a large number of economically important stratabound base metal sulphide deposits. In the present work, rock samples taken from Outcrop and Underground Mine of Sindeskar Kalan, Vedanta Group, Rajpura Dariba-Bethumni Belt which is located at a distance of 76 kms from Udaipur city, Rajasthan have been studied. The chief litho units of the group which contain sulfide-bearing calc-silicate and graphite mica schist, dolomite marble, calc-biotite schist and quartzite are identified. An attempt has also been made to study/or hydrothermal in origin in the different types of fluid inclusions, hosted predominately in Geothermometry viz. heating and freezing study of entrapped palaeo-fluids (such as sedimentary and quartz host grain and a few in sphalerites). The quartz hosts are identified with four types of fluid inclusions, such as 1) monophase (gas/vapour), 2) gas-rich biphase, 3) liquid-rich biphase and 4) polyphase types. The primary types of fluid inclusions show that melting temperature of ice or depression freezing point (DFP) (ranging from -2.5°C to -7.2°C)/(salinity ranging from 4.5 - 13.25 wt% NaCl eq.) and temperature of homogenization into liquid phase (ranging from +188°C to +218°C) have been measured. Data from the fluid inclusions and salinity calculation (low salinity) reveal that rate of cooling is the important mechanism of ore deposition in the study area.

Cite this paper
Alam, J. and Siddiquie, F. (2015) Fluid Inclusion Petrography and Microthermometry of Zn and Pb Deposits of Rajpura-Dariba Bethumni Belt, Udaipur District (Rajasthan), India. International Journal of Geosciences, 6, 256-273. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2015.63020.
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