WJNSE  Vol.5 No.1 , March 2015
Controlling Diameter, Length and Characterization of ZnO Nanorods by Simple Hydrothermal Method for Solar Cells
ABSTRACT
Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods have been synthesized by solution processing hydrothermal method in low temperature using the spin coating technique. Zinc acetate dehydrate, Zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylenetetramine were used as a starting material. The ZnO seed layer was first deposited by spin coated of ethanol zinc acetate dehydrate solution on a glass substrate. ZnO nanorods were grown on the ZnO seed layer from zinc nitrate hexahydrate and hexamethylene-tetramine solution, and their diameters, lengths were controlled by precursor concentration and development time. From UV-Visible spectrometry the optical band gap energy of ZnO nanorods was calculated to be 3.3 eV. The results of X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) showed the highly oriented nature of ZnO nanorods the hardest (002) peak reflects that c-axis elongated nanorods are oriented normal to the glass substrate. The Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) was employed to measure both of average diameter of ZnO nanorods, Energy Dispersive X-Ray (EDX) is used to identify the elemental present and to determine the element composition in the samples.

Cite this paper
Kurda, A. , Hassan, Y. and Ahmed, N. (2015) Controlling Diameter, Length and Characterization of ZnO Nanorods by Simple Hydrothermal Method for Solar Cells. World Journal of Nano Science and Engineering, 5, 34-40. doi: 10.4236/wjnse.2015.51005.
References
[1]   Ku, C.H. and Wu, J.G. (2007) Electron Transport Properties in ZnO Nanowire Array/Nanoparticle Composite Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells. Applied Physics Letters, 91, Article ID: 093117.

[2]   Cheng, X.L., Zhao, H., Huo, L.H., Gao, S. and Zhao, J.G. (2004) ZnO Nanoparticute Thin Film, Preparation, Charectrarazation and Gas-Sensing Properties. Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 102, 248-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.snb.2004.04.080

[3]   Kim, J.Y., Jeong, H. and Jang, D.J. (2001) Synthesis of a Graphene-Carbon Nanotube Composite and Its Electrochemical Sensing of Hydrogen Peroxide. J. Nanoplast. Res., 13, 6699-6706.

[4]   Chacrabarty, S. and Dutta, B.K. (2004) Photocatalytical Degradation of Model Textile Dyes in Wastewater Using ZnO as Semiconductor Catalyst. Journal of Hazardous Materials, 112, 269-278.

[5]   Huang, M.H., Mao, S., Fieck, H., Yan, H., Wu, Y., Kind, H., Weber, E., Russo, R. and Yang, P. (2001) Room Temperature Ultraviolet Nanowirenano Lasers. Science, 292, 1897-1899.

[6]   Saito, N., Haneda, H., Sekiguchi, T., Ohashi, N., Sakaguchiandk, I. and Koumoto, K. (2002) Low Temperature of Light-Emitting Zinc Oxide Micropatterns Using Self-Assembled Monolayer. Advanced Materials, 146, 418-421.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020318)14:6<418::AID-ADMA418>3.0.CO;2-K

[7]   Krunks, M. and Mellicov, E. (1995) Zinc Oxide Thin Films by the Spray Pyrolysis Method. Thin Soled Filme, 270, 33-36.

[8]   Nunes, P., Costa, D., Fortunate, E. and Martiens, R. (2002) Performenes Presented by Zinc Oxide Thin Films Deposited by R. F. Magnetron Sputtering. Vacumm, 64, 293-297.

[9]   Wu, J.-J. and Liu, S.-C. (2002) Low-Temperature Growth of Well-Aligned ZnO Nanarods by Chemical Vapor Deposition. Advanced Materials, 14, 215-218.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/1521-4095(20020205)14:3<215::AID-ADMA215>3.0.CO;2-J

[10]   Ni, Y.H., Wei, X.W., Hong, J.M. and Ye, Y. (2005) Hydrothermal Synthesis and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanorods. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 121, 42-47.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2005.02.065

[11]   Caglar, M., Ilican, S. and Caglar, Y. (2009) Influence of Dopant Concentration on the Optical Properties of ZnO: In Films by Sol-Gel Method. Thin Solid Films, 517, 5023-5028.

[12]   Bao, D., Gu, H. and Kuang, A. (1998) Sol-Gel Derived C-Axis Oriented ZnO Thin Films. Thin Solid Films, 32, 47-39.

[13]   Zhang, D.L., Zhang, J.B., Wu, Q.M. and Miao, X.S. (2010) Microstructure, Morphology, and Ultraviolet Emission of zinc Oxidenanocrystallin Films by the Modified Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction Method. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 93, 3284-3290.

[14]   Khan, Z.R., Zulfequar, M. and Khan, M.S. (2010) Optical and Structural Properties of Thermally Evaporate Cadmium Sulfide Thin Films on Silicon (100) Wafer. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 174, 145-149.

[15]   Foo, K.L., Hashim, U., Muhammad, K. and Voon, Ch.H. (2014) Sol-Gel Synthesized Zinc Oxide Nanorods and Their Structural and Optical Investigation for Optoelectronic Application. Nanoscale Research Letters, 429, 1-10.

 
 
Top