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 JCDSA  Vol.5 No.1 , March 2015
Microencapsulation of Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate to Generate Carbon Dioxide with Thermal Responsible Shell Material
Abstract: This paper tried to develop the optimum procedure for microencapsulating water soluble solid powder with the thermal responsible material by the melting dispersion cooling method. Sodium hydrogen carbonate was adopted as a water soluble solid powder instead of microencapsulating carbon dioxide gas. The shell material was composed of olefin wax and α-tocopherol. In the experiment, the concentration of oil soluble surfactant and the water soluble surfactant species were changed. Sodium hydrogen carbonate was treated in the aqueous solution dissolving the water soluble surfactant to form the finer sodium hydrogen carbonate powder and to increase the content. The microencapsulation efficiency could be increased with the concentration of oil soluble surfactant and considerably increased by treating sodium hydrogen carbonate with the water soluble surfactant. Sodium hydrogen carbonate was protected well from environmental water. The microcapsules showed the thermal responsibility to generate carbon dioxide.
Cite this paper: Koyama, Y. , Saito, N. , Fuchigami, K. , Taguchi, Y. and Tanaka, M. (2015) Microencapsulation of Sodium Hydrogen Carbonate to Generate Carbon Dioxide with Thermal Responsible Shell Material. Journal of Cosmetics, Dermatological Sciences and Applications, 5, 36-44. doi: 10.4236/jcdsa.2015.51005.
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