JMMCE  Vol.3 No.2 , March 2015
Performance Assessment of Selected Nigerian Vegetable Oils as Quenching Media in Hardening Process for Medium Carbon Steel
ABSTRACT
A comparative study was carried out to investigate the suitability of some selected Nigerian vegetable oils as alternative quenchant to SAE40 engine oil for industrial heat treatment of Medium Carbon steels. The study involved the characterization of physicochemical properties and fatty acid profile of cotton seed oil, palm kernel oil, neem seed oil and palm oil. The quenching performance of these vegetable oils was conducted at quenchant bath temperatures of 34oC, 50oC, 70oC, and 100oC. SAE40 engine oil (Standard quenchant) and tap water served as control. The effect of cooling rates of the quenching media on mechanical properties and microstructure of the quenched steel samples were investigated. The results obtained show that the different vegetable oils have different viscosity and viscosity-temperature behavior just as their molecular structures were different. The mechanical properties of the as-quenched specimens in these oils show that the hardness of steel quenched in palm kernel oil was highest 40.85HRC. As received sample absorbed the highest amount of energy (183 J) before fracture while sample quenched in water absorbs least energy (28 J). Hence vegetable oil is suitable as alternative quenchant to petroleum based SAE40 engine oil for quenching medium carbon steels, without cracking or distortion, the most suitable among them being palm kernel oil.

Cite this paper
Agboola, J. , Kamardeen, O. , Mudiare, E. , Adeyemi, M. and Afolabi, S. (2015) Performance Assessment of Selected Nigerian Vegetable Oils as Quenching Media in Hardening Process for Medium Carbon Steel. Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering, 3, 85-93. doi: 10.4236/jmmce.2015.32011.
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