APE  Vol.5 No.1 , February 2015
Effects of Two Warm-Up Modalities on Short-Term Maximal Performance in Soccer Players: Didactic Modeling
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of two warm-up modalities (scheduled before a soccer match) on short-term maximal performance and physiological responses in soccer players. Twenty soccer players (Age = 22.1 ± 4.4 years; Height = 183.2 ± 7.1 cm, Body mass = 77.6 ± 8.5 kg) participated in this study. They randomly performed two different pre-match warm-up protocols on separate days with different excitation order component sequences where the last component of the warm-up excitation sequence was imputed completed either in the middle (WU-1), or at the end of the warm-up (WU-2). During the completion of the warm-up, heart rate (HR), and ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded. After the warm-up, participants performed a repeated sprint ability test (RSA) and the five jump (5JT) test. The results revealed no significant differences in WU-1 and the WU-2 for HR and RPE. In WU-2 condition, significant differences in the 7th acceleration phase of the repeated 10 m sprint (S7) (p < 0.05) was observed in comparison to WU-1. Likewise, the performance of 5JT (p < 0.05), and the 10-m of the RSA (p < 0.05) increased to WU-2 in comparison with WU-1. In conclusion, we recommended performing warm-up at the end of pre-match rather than in the middle to ameliorate the performance of soccer players during the competition.

Cite this paper
Guinoubi, C. , Sahli, H. , Mekni, R. , Abedelmalek, S. and Chamari, K. (2015) Effects of Two Warm-Up Modalities on Short-Term Maximal Performance in Soccer Players: Didactic Modeling. Advances in Physical Education, 5, 70-76. doi: 10.4236/ape.2015.51009.
References
[1]   Bishop, D. (2003). Warm-Up II. Performance Changes Following Active Warm-Up and How to Structure the Warm-Up. Sports Medicine, 33, 483-498.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200333070-00002

[2]   Blank, L. B. (1955). Effects of Warm-Up on Speed. Athletic Journal, 35, 10.

[3]   Bourne, G. (1992). The Physiological Basis of the Warm-Up. 30, 36-38.

[4]   Brown, P. I., Hughes, M. G., & Tong, R. J. (2008). The Effect of Warm-Up on High Intensity, Intermittent Running Using Non-Motorized Treadmill Ergometry. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 22, 801-808.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816a5775

[5]   Burkett, L. N., Phillips, W. T., & Ziuraitis, J. (2005). The Best Warm-Up for the Vertical Jump in College-Age Athletic Men. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19, 673-676.

[6]   Chamari, K., Hachana, Y., Ahmed, Y. B., Galy, O., Sghaier, F., Chatard, J. C., Hue, O., & Wisloff, U. (2004). Field and Laboratory Testing in Young Elite Soccer Players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 191-196.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2002.004374

[7]   Ekblom, B. (1986). Applied Physiology of Soccer. Sports Medicine, 3, 50-60.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-198603010-00005

[8]   Faigenbaum, A. D., Bellucci, M., Bernieri, A., Bakker, B., & Hoorens, K. (2005). Acute Effects of Different Warm-Up Protocols on Fitness Performance in Children. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 19, 376-381.

[9]   Faigenbaum, A. D., McFarland, J. E., Schwerdtman, J. A., Ratamess, N. A., Kang, J, & Hoffman, J. R. (2006). Dynamic Warm-Up Protocols, with and without a Weighted Vest, and Fitness Performance in High School Female Athletes. Journal of Athletic Training, 41, 357-363.

[10]   Fitzsimons, M., Dawson, B., Ward, D., & Wikinson, A. (1993). Cycling and Running Tests of Repeated Sprint Ability. Australian Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 25, 82-87.

[11]   Fradkin, A. (2002). Effects of a Warm-Up Program on Club Head Speed in Male Golfers. Master’s Thesis, Melbourne: Deakin University.

[12]   Fradkin, A. J., Zazryn, T. R., & Smoliga, J. M. (2010). Effects of Warming-UP on Physical Performance: A Systematic Review with Meta-Analysis. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24, 140-148.
http://d.x.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181c643a0

[13]   Gelen, E. (2010). Acute Effects of Different Warm-Up Methods on Sprint, Slalom Dribbling, and Penalty Kick Performance in Soccer Players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 24, 950-956.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cb703f

[14]   Gourgoulis, V., Aggeloussis, N., Kasimatis, P., Mavromatis, G., & Garas, G. (2003). Effect of Sub Maximal Half-Squats Warm-Up Program on Vertical Jumping Ability. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research.

[15]   Gracielle, V. R., dos Santos, R. R., & Gonçalves, A. (2007). The Effect of Stretching on Muscle Strength: A Short Review of Possible Causes. Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria & Desempenho Humano.

[16]   Hedrick, A. (1992). Physiological Responses to Warm-Up. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 14, 25-27.

[17]   Holt, B. W., & Lambourne, K. (2008). The Impact of Different Warm-Up Protocols on Vertical Jump Performance in Male Collegiate Athletes. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22, 226-229.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e31815f9d6a

[18]   Impellizzeri, F. M., Rampinini, E., Castagna, C., Bishop, D., Ferrari Bravo, D., Tibaudi, A., & Wisloff, U. (2008). Validity of a Repeated-Sprint Test for Football. International Journal of Sports Medicine, 29, 899-905.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1038491

[19]   Little, T., & Williams, A. G. (2006). Effects of Differential Stretching Protocols during Warm-Ups on High-Speed Motor Capacities in Professional Soccer Players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 20, 203-207.

[20]   Rampinini, E., Sassi, A., Morelli, Z., Mazzoni, S., Fanchini, M., & Coutts, A. J. (2009). Repeated Sprint Ability in Professional and Amateur Soccer Players. Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, 34, 1048-1054.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1139/H09-111

[21]   Richards, D. K. (1968). A Two-Factor Theory of the Warm-Up Effect in Jumping Performance. Res Q, 39, 668-673.

[22]   Saez Saez de Villarreal, E., Gonzalez-Badillo, J. J., & Izquierdo, M. (2007). Optimal Warm-Up Stimuli of Muscle Activation to Enhance Short and Long-Term Acute Jumping Performance. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 100, 393-401.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00421-007-0440-9

[23]   Sale, D. G. (2002). Postactivation Potentiation: Role in Human Performance. Exercise & Sport Sciences Reviews, 30, 138-143.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/00003677-200207000-00008

[24]   Sayers, A. L., Farley, R. S., Fuller, D. K., Jubenville, C. B., & Caputo, J. L. (2008). The Effect of Static Stretching on Phases of Sprint Performance in Elite Soccer Players. Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research, 22, 1416-1421.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e318181a450

[25]   Spencer, M., Bishop, D., Dawson, B., & Goodman, C. (2005). Physiological and Metabolic Responses of Repeated-Sprint Activities. Sports Medicine, 35, 1025-1044.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535120-00003

[26]   Spencer, M., Fitzsimons, M., Dawson, B., Bishop, D., & Goodman, C. (2006). Reliability of a Repeated-Sprint Test for Field-Hockey. Journal of Sports Science and Medicine, 9, 181-184.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2005.05.001

[27]   Stolen, T., Chamari, K., Castagna, C., & Wisloff, U. (2005). Physiology of Soccer: An Update. Sports Medicine, 35, 501-536.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535060-00004

[28]   Wisloff, U., Castagna, C., Helgerud, J., Jones, R., & Hoff, J. (2004). Strong Correlation of Maximal Squat Strength with Sprint Performance and Vertical Jump Height in Elite Soccer Players. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 38, 285-288.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2002.002071

[29]   Woods, K., Bishop, P., & Jones, E. (2007). Warm-Up and Stretching in the Prevention of Muscular Injury. Sports Medicine, 37, 1089-1099.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200737120-00006

[30]   Young, W. B., & Behm, D. (2003). Effects of Running, Static Stretching and Practice Jumps on Explosive Force Production and Jumping Performance. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness, 43, 21-27.

 
 
Top