ENG  Vol.7 No.2 , February 2015
Thermal Behavior of Externally Driven Spindle: Experimental Study and Modelling
Abstract: This paper focuses on model development for computer analysis of the thermal behavior of an externally driven spindle. The aim of the developed model is to enable efficient quantitative estimation of the thermal characteristics of the main spindle unit in an early stage of the development process. The presented work includes an experimental validation of the simulation model using a custom-built test rig. Specifically, the effects of the heat generated in the bearings and the heat flux from the bearing to the adjacent spindle system elements are investigated. Simulation and experimental results are compared and demonstrate good accordance. The proposed model is a useful, efficient and validated tool for quantitative simulation of thermal behavior of a main spindle system.
Cite this paper: Brecher, C. , Shneor, Y. , Neus, S. , Bakarinow, K. and Fey, M. (2015) Thermal Behavior of Externally Driven Spindle: Experimental Study and Modelling. Engineering, 7, 73-92. doi: 10.4236/eng.2015.72007.

[1]   Brecher, C. and Wissmann, A. (2011) Compensation of Thermo-Dependent Machine Tool Deformations Due to Spindle Load: Investigation of the Optimal Transfer Function in Consideration of Rough Machining. Production Engineering, 5, 565-574.

[2]   Bryan, J. (1990) International Status of Thermal Error Research. CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, 39, 645-656.

[3]   Mayr, J., Jedrzejewski, J., Uhlmann, E., Donmez, M.A., Knapp, W., Härtig, F., et al. (2012) Thermal Issues in Machine Tools. CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, 61, 771-791.

[4]   Brecher, C., Fey, M., Neus, S., Shneor, Y. and Bakarinow, K. (2014) Influences on the Thermal Behavior of Linear Guides and Externally Driven Spindle Systems. Production Engineering, 9, 133-141.

[5]   Li, H. and Shin, Y.C. (2004) Analysis of Bearing Configuration Effects on High Speed Spindles Using an Integrated Dynamic Thermo-Mechanical Spindle Model. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 44, 347-364.

[6]   Jorgensen, B. (1996) Robust Modeling of High-Speed Spindle Bearing Dynamics under Operating Conditions. Ph.D. Thesis, Purdue University, West Lafayette.

[7]   Palmgren, A. (1959) Ball and Roller Bearing Engineering. 4th Edition, S.H. Burbank, Philadelphia.

[8]   Bossmans, B. and Tu, J. (1999) A Thermal Model for High Speed Motorized Spindles. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 39, 1345-1366.

[9]   Li, H. and Shin, Y.C. (2004) Integrated Dynamic Thermo-Mechanical Modeling of High Speed Spindles. Part 1: Model Development. Journal of Manufacturing Science and Engineering, 126, 148-158.

[10]   Kim, J.D., Zverv, I. and Lee, K.B. (2003) Thermal Model of High-Speed Spindle Units. KSME International Journal, 17, 668-678.

[11]   Harris, T.A. (1991) Rolling Bearing Analysis. 3rd Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Hoboken.

[12]   Zhao, H.T., Yang, J.G. and Shen, J.H. (2007) Simulation of Thermal Behavior of a CNC Machine Tool Spindle. International Journal of Machine Tools and Manufacture, 47, 1003-1010.

[13]   Harris, T.A. and Kotzalas, M.N. (2005) Advanced Concepts of Bearing Technology, Rolling Bearing Analysis. 5th Edition, Taylor & Francis Corporations, London.

[14]   Cao, Y. (2006) Modeling of High-Speed Machine-Tool Spindle System. Ph.D. Thesis, British Columbia University, British Columbia.

[15]   Altintas, Y. and Cao, Y. (2005) Virtual Design and Optimization of Machine Tool Spindles. CIRP Annals—Manufacturing Technology, 54, 379-382.

[16]   Wolfram Research (2012) Wolfram Mathematica® 9. Documentation Center.