PSYCH  Vol.6 No.3 , February 2015
Stress among Brazilian Dental Students in Different Periods: Prevalence and Perceptions
ABSTRACT
The purpose of this exploratory study was to investigate the influence of the school year, considering different times on the academic trajectory of stress among Brazilian dental students (n = 111) as well as grasp the values established by the subject facing this prospect. The methodological grant for data collection was the Inventory of Stress Symptoms for Adults Lipp applied in the beginning and at the end of the semester, and the technique in the focus group interview. The results demonstrated academic tickets with significantly higher rates of this phenomenon at the end of the semester, when compared to graduates (p = 0.004). The perceptions of academics on the etiology of stress associated opinions unveiled the pedagogical design, teacher performance, difficulties in interpersonal relationships as well as the course extrinsic factors. It can be concluded that the stress is the present and modulate phenomenon in investigated academic trajectory.

Cite this paper
Langoski, J. , Klipan, L. , Bordin, D. , Ferracioli, M. , Pinto, M. & Fadel, C. (2015). Stress among Brazilian Dental Students in Different Periods: Prevalence and Perceptions. Psychology, 6, 297-304. doi: 10.4236/psych.2015.63030.
References
[1]   Acharya, S. (2003). Factors Affecting Stress among Indian Dental Students. Journal of Dental Education, 67, 1140-1148.

[2]   Aguiar, S. M. (2007). Prevalencia dos sintomas de estresse e de depressao nos estudantes de medicina e odontologia. Diss., Fortaleza: Universidade de Fortaleza.

[3]   Al-Saleh, S. A., Al-Madi, E. M., Al-Angari, N. S., Al-Shehri, H. A., & Shukri, M. M. (2010). Survey of Perceived Stress-Inducing Problems among Dental Students, Saudi Arabia. The Saudi Dental Journal, 22, 83-88.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.sdentj.2010.02.007

[4]   Al-Samadani, K. H., & Al-Dharrab, A. A. (2013). The Perception of Stress among Clinical Dental Students. World Journal of Dentistry, 4, 24-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.5005/jp-journals-10015-1197

[5]   Al-Sowygh, Z. H., Alfadley, A. A., Al-Saif, M. I., & Al-Wadei, S. H. (2013). Perceived Causes of Stress among Saudi Dental Students. King Saud University Journal of Dental Sciences, 4, 7-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ksujds.2012.11.002

[6]   Badran, D. H., Al-Ali, M. H., Duaibis, R. B., & Amin, W. M. (2010). Burnout among Clinical Dental Students at Jordanian Universities. Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 16, 434-437.

[7]   Bardin, L. (1979). Análise de conteudo. Lisboa: Edicoes 70.

[8]   Bassols, A. M., Sordi, A. O., Eizirik, C. L., Seeger, G. M., Rodrigues, G. S., & Reche, M. (2008). A Prevalencia de Estresse em uma Amostra de Estudantes do Curso de Medicina da Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul. Revista Hospital de Clinicas de Porto Alegre, 28, 153-157.

[9]   Calais, S. L., Andrade, L. M. B., & Lipp, M. E. N. (2003). Diferencas de Sexo e Escolaridade na Manifestacao de Stress em Adultos Jovens. Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica, 16, 257-263.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-79722003000200005

[10]   Campos, J. A., Jordani, P. C., Zucoloto, M. L., Bonafé, F. S., & Maroco, J. (2012). Burnout Syndrome among Dental Students. Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia, 15, 155-165.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1415-790X2012000100014

[11]   Carvalho, L., & Malagris, L. E. N. (2007). Avaliacao do nivel de stress em profissionais da saude. Estudos e Pesquisas em Psicologia, 7, 570-582.

[12]   Dahan, H., & Bedos, C. (2010). A Typology of Dental Students According to Their Experience of Stress: A Qualitative Study. Journal of Dental Education, 74, 95-103.

[13]   Fonseca, J., Divaris, K., Villalba, S., Pizarro, S., Fernandez, M., Codjambassis, A., Villa-Torres, L., & Polychronopoulou, A. (2013). Perceived Sources of Stress amongst Chilean and Argentinean Dental Students. European Journal of Dental Education, 17, 30-38.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/eje.12004

[14]   Gerk, E., & Cunha, S. M. (2006). As habilidades sociais na adaptacao de estudantes ao ensino superior. In M. Bandeira, Z. A. P. Del Prette, & A. Del Prette (Eds.), Estudos sobre habilidades sociais e relacionamento interpessoal (pp. 181-198). Sao Paulo: Casa do Psicologo.

[15]   Heinz, K., Damin, E. T. B., & Silva, R. (2011). Ocorrencia, niveis e sintomatologia de estresse em academicos de Educacao Fisica.
http://www.pergamum.udesc.br/dados-bu/000000/000000000014/000014BF.pdf

[16]   Lazzarin, H. C., Nakama, L., & Cordoni Junior, L. (2007). O papel do professor na percepcao dos alunos de Odontologia. Saude e Sociedade, 16, 90-101.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902007000100009

[17]   Lima, M. H. M. (2007). O professor, o pesquisador e o professor-pesquisador.
http://www.amigosdolivro.com.br/lermais_materias.php?cd_materias=3754

[18]   Lipp, M. E. N. (2000). Manual do inventário de sintomas de stress para adultos. Sao Paulo: Casa do Psicologo.

[19]   Lipp, M. E. N. (2003). Ch. 1 O modelo quadrifásico do stress. In Mecanismos neuropsicofisiologicos do stress: Teoria e aplicacoes clinicas. Sao Paulo: Casa do Psicologo.

[20]   Lipp, M. E. N. (2005). Stress e o turbilhao da raiva. Sao Paulo: Casa do Psicologo.

[21]   Lipp, M. E. N., & Malagris, L. E. N. (2001). O stress emocional e seu tratamento. In B. Rangé (Ed.), Psicoterapias cognitivo-comportamentais: Um diálogo com a psiquiatria (pp. 475-490). Porto Alegre: Artmed.

[22]   Lu, L. (1994). University Transition: Major and Minor Stressors, Personality Characteristics and Mental Health. Psychological Medicine, 24, 81-87.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0033291700026854

[23]   Manolova, M. S., Stefanova, V. P., Panayotov, I. V., Romieu, G., Belcheva, A. B., Markova, K. B., & Levallois, B. (2012). Perceived Sources of Stress in Fifth Year Dental Students—A Comparative Study. Folia Medica, 54, 52-59.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/v10153-011-0089-3

[24]   Merton, R., Fiske, M., & Kendall, P. (1956). The Focused Interview: A Manual of Problems and Procedures. New York: Free Press.

[25]   Monteiro, C. F. S., Freitas, J. F. M., & Ribeiro, A. A. P. (2007). Estresse no cotidiano academico: O olhar dos alunos de enfermagem da Universidade Federal do Piaui. Escola Anna Nery Revista de Enfermagem, 11, 66-72.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-81452007000100009

[26]   Morrison, R., & O’Connor, R. (2005). Predicting Psychological Distress in College Students: The Role of Rumination and Stress. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 61, 447-460.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jclp.20021

[27]   Oliveira, B. L. C. A., Filha, M. O. F., Monteiro, C. H., Pinheiro, R. V. T., & Cunha, C. L. F. (2012). Estresse entre graduandos de enfermagem de uma universidade publica federal: Um estudo epidemiologico. Journal of Management and Primary Health Care, 3, 72-78.

[28]   Pani, S. C., Al Ascar, A. M., Al Mohrij, S. L., & Al Ohali, T. A. (2011). Evaluation of Stress in Final-Year Saudi Dental Students Using Salivary Cortisol as a Biomarker. Journal of Dental Education, 75, 377-384.

[29]   Pesce, M. K. (2012). Professor pesquisador na visao do academico de licenciatura. The IX Anped Sul, Caxias do Sul, 29 July 2012, 1-13.

[30]   Pinelli, C., Garcia, P. P. N. S., Campos, J. A. D. B., Dotta, E. A. V., & Rabello, A. P. (2011). Biosseguranca e Odontologia: Crencas e atitudes de graduandos sobre o controle da infeccao cruzada. Saude e Sociedade, 20, 448-461.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-12902011000200016

[31]   Polychronopoulou, A., & Divaris, K. (2005). Perceived Sources of Stress among Greek Dental Students. Journal of Dental Education, 69, 687-692.

[32]   Rajab, L. D. (2001). Perceived Sources of Stress among Dental Students at the University of Jordan. Journal of Dental Education, 65, 232-241.

[33]   Sedky, N. A. (2012). Perceived Sources of Stress among Junior & Mid-Senior Egyptian Dental Students. International Journal of Health Sciences, 6, 141-157.
http://dx.doi.org/10.12816/0005990

[34]   Selye, H. (1965). Stress: A tensao da vida. Sao Paulo: Ibrasa.

[35]   Tangade, P. S., Mathur, A., Gupta, R., & Chaudhary, S. (2011). Assessment of Stress Level among Dental School Students: An Indian Outlook. Dental Research Journal, 8, 95-101.

[36]   Teixeira, M. A. P., Dias, A. C. G., Wottrich, S. H., & Oliveira, A. M. (2008). Adaptacao a universidade em jovens calouros. Psicologia Escolar e Educacional, 12, 185-202.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1413-85572008000100013

 
 
Top