Tsutsumi, K., Sekido, K. and Tanioka, T. (2014) Characteristics of Nursing Care for Terminally Ill Patients in Hospice/Palliative Care Unit. Health, 6, 2121-2128.
 Japanese Nursing Association.
 Takase, M., Teraoka, S., Miyakoshi, Y. and Kawada, A. (2006) A Concept Analysis of Nursing Competence: A Review of International Literature. (In Japanese)
 Matsutani, M., Miura, Y., Hirabayashi, Y., et al. (2010) Nursing Competency: Concept, Structure of Dimensions, and Assessment. Journal of St. Luke’s Society of Nursing Research, 14, 18-28.
 O’Leary, J. (2012) Comparison of Self-Assessed Competence and Experience among Critical Care Nurses. Journal of Nursing Management, 20, 607-614.
 Tsuzi, C., Ogasawara, C., Takeda, C., et al. (2007) The Plateau Phenomena and Factors Related to the Development of Nurses’ Practical Abilities. Japanese Journal of Nursing Research, 30, 31-38. (In Japanese)
 Numminen, O., Meretoja, R., Isoaho, H. and Leino-Kilpi, H. (2013) Professional Competence of Practicing Nurses. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 1411-1423.
 Lyneham, J., Parkinson, C. and Denholm, C. (2009) Expert Nursing Practice: A Mathematical Explanation of Benner’s 5th Stage of Practice Development. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 65, 2477-2484.
 Komatsu, M., Izumi, M. and Okubo, Y. (2011) Nursing Practical Skills and Educational Issues among Nurses at Completion of Nursing Curriculum and Nurses in the First to Third Years after Graduation. Journal of Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, 120, 781-791. (In Japanese)
 Takase, M. (2013) The Relationship between the Levels of Nurses’ Competence and the Length of Their Clinical Experience: A Tentative Model for Nursing Competence Development. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 22, 1400-1410.
 Rudman, A., Gustavsson, P., Ehrenberg, A., Bostrom, A.M. and Wallin, L. (2012) Registered Nurses’ Evidence-Based Practice: A Longitudinal Study of the First Five Years after Graduation. International Journal of Nursing Studies, 49, 1494-1504.
 Johnston, B. and Smith, L.N. (2006) Nurses’ and Patients’ Perceptions of Expert Palliative Nursing Care. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 54, 700-709.
 Tanaka, I., Higa, H. and Yamada, K. (2012) Comparison of Clinical Nursing Competence Based on Attributes of Nurses, and Relationship between Number of Working Years, Sense of Coherence, and Spirituality. Journal of the Nursing Society of University of Toyama, 12, 81-92. (In Japanese)
 Braun, M., Gordon, D. and Uziely, B. (2008) Associations between Oncology Nurses’ Attitudes toward Death and Caring for Dying Patients. Oncology Nursing Forum, 37, E43-E49.
 Gama, G., Barbosa, F. and Vieira, M. (2012) Factors Influencing Nurses’ Attitudes toward Death. International Journal of Palliative Nursing, 18, 267-273.
 White, K.R. and Coyne, P.J. (2011) Nurses’ Perceptions of Educational Gaps in Delivering End-of-Life Care. Oncology Nursing Forum, 38, 711-717.
 Montagnini, M., Smith, H. and Balistrieri, T. (2011) Assessment of Self-Perceived End-of-Life Care Competencies of Intensive Care Unit Providers. Journal of Palliative Medicine, 15, 29-36.
 Lee, J., Choi, M., Kim, S.S., Kim, H. and Kim, D. (2013) Korean Nurses’ Perceived Facilitators and Barriers in Provision of End-of-Life Care. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 19, 334-343.