A field study to evaluate the “Response of various sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) varieties under the influence of nitrogen and phosphorus doses’’ was
carried out at Oilseeds Section, Agriculture Research Institute, Tandojam
during Kharif 2013. The experiment was laid out in a three replicated
randomized complete block design (RCBD) factorial, having net plot size 6 × 3 m
(18 m2). The treatments comprised two varieties such as S-17 and
Pr-125, and six doses of NP i.e. (No fertilizer
(Control), NP @ 30 - 30 kg·ha-1, NP @ 50 - 30 kg·ha-1, NP
@ 50 - 50 kg·ha-1, NP @ 70 - 50 kg·ha-1 and NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1). The analysis of variance suggested that all the doses
of NP affected significantly (P < 0.05) growth and yield of sesame varieties
as compared to No fertilizer (Control) treatment. In the case of fertilizer doses, NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1 produced
maximum plant height (102.33 cm), branches plant-1 (18.50), capsules
plant-1 (42.17), seeds capsule-1 (57.67), seed weight
plant-1 (37.50 g), seed index (3.10 g) and seed yield (774.17 kg·ha-1),
whereas NP @ 70 + 50 kg·ha-1 and NP @ 50 - 50 kg·ha-1 ranked 2nd and 3rd in all the growth and yield traits, particularly seed yield
(763.50 kg·ha-1 and 694.50 kg·ha-1). Among sesame
varieties, S-17 resulted in maximum plant height (91.89 cm), branches plant-1 (15.11), capsules plant-1 (37.06), seeds capsule-1 (50.56), seed weight plant-1 (32.00 g), seed index (2.63 g) and seed
yield (682.11 kg·ha-1), whereas variety Pr-125 resulted in minimum
traits, particularly seed yield (657.56 kg·ha-1). In the case of interactive
effects, the interaction of NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1 × variety S-17 produced maximum values, particularly seed yield (782.67), whereas
minimum results were recorded in the interaction of No fertilizer (Control) × variety
Pr-125. Hence results concluded that the interaction of NP @ 70 - 50 kg·ha-1 variety S-17 was found most economical for obtaining optimum yield of
sesame because of non-significant differences with NP @ 70 - 70 kg·ha-1.
Cite this paper
Kashani, S. , Buriro, M. , Nadeem, A. , Ahmed, N. , Saeed, Z. , Mohammad, F. and Ahmed, S. (2015) Response of Various Sesame Varieties under the Influence of Nitrogen and Phosphorus Doses. American Journal of Plant Sciences
, 405-412. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.62046
 Wikipedia (2007) Sesame: From Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. Last Modified on 12th September, 2007.
 Toan, D.P., Thuy-Duong, T.N.A., Carlsson, S. and Bui, T.M. (2010) Morphological Evaluation of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) Varieties from Different Origins. Australian Journal of Crop Science, 4, 498-504.
 Bedigian, D. (2003) Evolution of Sesame Revisited: Domestication, Diversity and Prospects. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 50, 779-787. http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1025029903549
 Khan, M.H.A., Sultana, N.A., Islam, M.N. and Hasan-uz-zaman, M. (2009) Yield and Yield Contributing Characters of Sesame as Affected by Different Management Practices. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 4, 195-197.
 Pakissan.com (2010) Sesame Production Practices in Pakistan. http://www.pakissan.com/english/allabout/crops/sesame
 G.O.P. (2010) Economic Survey of Pakistan 2009-2010. Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, Finance Division, Economic Advisor Wing, Islamabad, 36.
 Saleem, M.F., Ma, B.L., Malik, M.A., Cheema, M.A. and Wahid, M.A. (2008) Yield and Quality Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to Irrigation Frequencies and Planting Patterns. Canadian Journal of Plant Science, 88, 101-109. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/CJPS07052
 Eckert, D. (2010) Efficient Fertilizer Use—Nitrogen. 1-19.
 Bill, G. (2010) Efficient Fertilizer Use—Phosphorus. 1-7.
 Haruna, I.M., Aliyu, L., Olufajo, O.O. and Odion, E.C. (2011) Growth of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as Influenced by Poultry Manure, Nitrogen and Phosphorus in Samaru, Nigeria. American-Eurasian Journal of Scientific Research, 10, 561-568.
 Olowe, V.I.O. and Busari, L.D. (2000) Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) to Nitrogen and Phosphorous Application in Southern Guinea Savanna of Nigeria. Tropical Oilseeds Journal, 5, 30-37.
 Malik, A.M., Saleem, M.F., Cheema, M.A. and Ahmed, S. (2003) Influence of Different Nitrogen Levels on Productivity of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) under Varying Planting Patterns. International Journal of Agriculture and Biology, 4, 490-492.
 Muhamman, M.A. and Gungula, D.T. (2008) Growth Parameters of Sesame (Sesamum indicum L.) as Affected by Nitrogen and Phosphorous Levels in Mubi, Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development in Agriculture & Environment, 3, 80-86.
 Iftikhar Hussain Bhatti, R.A. and Nazir, M.S. (2005) Agronomic Traits of Sesame as Affected by Grain Legumes Intercropping and Plating Patterns. Pakistan Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 42, 56-60.
 Sharar, M.S., Ayub, M., Choudhry, M.A. and Asif, M. (2000) Growth and Yield of Sesame Genotypes as Influenced by NP Application. International Journal of Agriculture & Biology, 2, 86-88.
 Umar, U.A., Mahmud, M., Abubakar, I.U., Babaji, B.A. and Idris, U.D. (2012) Effect of Nitrogen Fertilizer Level and Intrarow Spacing on Growth and Yield of Sesam (Sesamum indicun L.) Varieties. International Journal of Agronomy and Plant Production, 3, 139-144.
 Shehu, H.E., Kwari, J.D. and Sandabe, M.K. (2010) Nitrogen, Phosphorus and Potassium Nutrition of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) in Mubi, Nigeria. New York Science Journal, 3, 21-27.