JEP  Vol.2 No.4 , June 2011
A Comparative Study of Thumba Seed Bio Diesel
Abstract: Biodiesel is considering a clean-burning fuel produced from non edible vegetable oils, or animal fats. It is produced by transesterification of oils with short-chain alcohols or by the esterification of fatty acids. In the present context, biodiesel is an alternative eco friendly diesel fuel. Keeping this in view, an attempt has been made through the experiment of Thumba blended biodiesel on CI engine in laboratory and analyzes its properties and characteristic compare with other biodiesel oils. Five blends B05, B10, B15, B20 and B25 of thumba seed oil biodiesel were papered and it performance was evaluated with 7HP four-stroke diesel engine. The performance of thumba seed oil biodiesel were compared with biodiesel prepared by mustard, castor and Jatropha seed oil with same blends.
Cite this paper: nullS. Lal, V. Gorana and N. Panwar, "A Comparative Study of Thumba Seed Bio Diesel," Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 2 No. 4, 2011, pp. 454-459. doi: 10.4236/jep.2011.24052.

[1]   J. S. Pechsiri, A. Sattari, P. G. Martinez and L. Xuan, “A Review of the Climate-Change-Impacts’ Rates of Change in the Arctic”, Journal of Environmental Protection, Vol. 1, No. 1, 2010, pp. 59-69. doi:10.4236/jep.2010.11008

[2]   Y. Zhang, M. A. Dube, D. D. McLean and M. Kates, “Biodiesel Production from Waste Cooking Oil: 1. Process Design and Technological Assessment,” Bioresource Technology, Vol. 89, No. 1, 2003, pp. 1-16. doi:10.1016/S0960-8524(03)00040-3

[3]   N. L. Panwar, H. Y. Shrirame, N. S. Rathore, S. Jindal and A. K. Kurchania, “Performance Evaluation of a Diesel Engine Fueled with Methyl Ester of Castor Seed Oil”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 30, No. 2-3, 2010, pp.245-249.doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2009.07.007

[4]   J. S. Gaffney and N. A. Marley, “The Impacts of Combustion Emissions on Air Quality and Climate from Coal to Biofuels and Beyond”, Atmos Environ, Vol. 43, No.1, 2009, pp. 23-36. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.09.016

[5]   H. Huo, Y. Wu and M. Wang, “Total Versus Urban: Well-to-Wheels Assessment of Criteria Pollutant Emissions from Various Vehicle/Fuel Systems”, Atmos Environ,Vol. 43, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1796-1804. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.025

[6]   G. Karavalakis, S. Stournas and E. Bakeas. “Effects of Diesel/Biodiesel Blends on Regulated and Unregulated Pollutants from a Passenger Vehicle Operated over the European and the Athens Driving Cycles,” Atmos Environ, Vol. 43, No. 10, 2009, pp. 1745-1752. doi:10.1016/j.atmosenv.2008.12.033

[7]   S. Jindal, B. P. Nandwana and N. S. Rathore, “Comparative Evaluation of Combustion, Performance, and Emissions of Jatropha Methyl Ester and Karanj Methyl Ester in a Direct Injection Diesel Engine”, Energy Fuels, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2010, pp. 1565-1572. doi:10.1021/ef901194z

[8]   M. Zheng, M. C.Mulenga, G. T. Reader, M. Wang, D. S. K. Ting and J. Tjong, “Biodiesel Engine Performance and Emissions in Low Temperature Combustion”, Fuel, Vol. 87, No. 6, 2008, pp. 714-722. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2007.05.039

[9]   A. K. Agarwal and K. Rajamanoharan, “Experimental Investigations of Performance and Emissions of Karanja Oil and Its Blends in a Single Cylinder Agricultural Diesel Engine”, Applied Energy, Vol. 86, No. 1, 2009, pp. 106-112. doi:10.1016/j.apenergy.2008.04.008

[10]   Y. D. Wang, T. Al-Shemmeri, P. Eames, J. Mcmullan, N. Hewitt and Y. Huang. “An Experimental Investigation of the Performance and Gaseous Exhaust Emissions of a Diesel Engine using Blends of a Vegetable Oil”, Applied Thermal Engineering, Vol. 26, No. 14-16, 2006, pp. 1684- 1691. doi:10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2005.11.013

[11]   D. Wang, C. Zhang and Y. Wang. “A Numerical Study of Multiple Fuel Injection Strategies for NOx Reduction from DI Diesel Engines”, International Journal of Green Energy, Vol. 4, 2007, pp. 453-470. doi:10.1080/15435070701465912

[12]   Y. F. Lin, Y. P. G. Wu and C. T. Chang, “Combustion Characteristics of Waste-Oil Produced Biodiesel/Diesel Fuel Blends”, Fuel, Vol. 86, No. 12-13, 2007, pp. 1772- 1780. doi:10.1016/j.fuel.2007.01.012

[13]   S. Puhan, N. Vedaraman, G. Sankaranarayanan and B. V. B. Ram, “Performance and Emission of Mahua Oil (Madhuca Indica Oil) Ethyl Ester in a 4-Stroke Natural Aspirated Direct Injection Diesel Engine,” Renewable Energy, Vol. 30, No. 7, 2005, pp. 1269-1278. doi:10.1016/j.renene.2004.09.010

[14]   N. L. Panwar, H. Y. Shrirame and B. R. Bamniya. “CO2 Mitigation Potential from Biodiesel of Castor Seed Oil in Indian Context,” Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, Vol. 12, No. 5, 2010, pp. 579-582. doi:10.1007/s10098-009-0269-5