WJCS  Vol.5 No.2 , February 2015
Simultaneous Bilateral Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Report of 6 Adult Patients
ABSTRACT
Background: Spontaneous pneumothorax (SP) refers to the spontaneous presence of air in the pleural sac(s) without iatrogenic or traumatic factors. The simultaneous bilateral SP (SBSP) is rare yet serious clinical condition which may pose a significant threat to patient’s life. Herein, 6 patients with SBSP managed in Sulaimaniyah Teaching Hospital (STH) over 6-year period (2006-2011) are reported with literature review. Methodology: A prospective clinical study. The diagnosis was made on clinical and radiographic grounds. The initial therapy was a bilateral tube thoracostomy (BTT) followed by chemical pleurodesis. Thoracotomy for excision of subpleural blebs or bullae and pleurectomy was performed for prolonged air leak (lasting >14 days). Results: There were 5 males (83.33%) and 1 female (16.67%) with a mean age of 34.8 years ranging between 20 and 50. All patients had presented with dyspnea and chest pain and were smokers. Three patients (50%) had primary (PSP) whereas the remaining had secondary (SSP) (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease—COPD, n = 2 and pneumonia, n = 1). None of the patients had recurrence. Unilateral thoracotomy was necessary in 5 patients (SSP, n = 3 and PSP, n = 2). Prolonged air leak was observed once postoperatively (16.7%) while mortality was nil. Conclusions: Prompt recognition of this rare yet potentially serious condition is crucial. The clinical diagnosis is straightforward with plain chest radiography being the most helpful workup. The initial therapy is via BTT followed by pleurodesis. Surgery is necessary for prolonged air leak and failure of the lung to expand.

Cite this paper
Al-Azzawi, A. (2015) Simultaneous Bilateral Spontaneous Pneumothorax: Report of 6 Adult Patients. World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery, 5, 18-24. doi: 10.4236/wjcs.2015.52004.
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