OJOG  Vol.5 No.2 , February 2015
Risk Factors for Breast Cancer of Different Age Groups: Moroccan Data?
ABSTRACT

Background: Several epidemiological studies have been carried to identify the risk factors for developing breast cancer. The aim of this study was to evaluate the risk factors associated with breast cancer in different age groups in the Moroccan women and to determine susceptible and protective factors. Methods: This was a case control study including 400 women with breast cancer and 400 controls of the National Institute of Oncology Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdallah, Rabat, Morocco from 2008 to 2010. These women were interviewed for epidemiological information and risk factor for breast cancer. Results: Early age at menarche, late menopause, oral contraceptive and family history with first degree were positively associated with breast cancer in all the series and in the age group between 22 and 34 years. In the age group between 44 and 34 years, a risk of breast cancer was associated only with a family history of breast cancer. In the age group of 45 years or older, the factors which seem to influence a breast cancer are: late menopause, oral contraceptive and family history in the first degree. In contrast, early childbearing, multiparity and lactation were negatively associated with breast cancer. Conclusion: This study is rather in favour of positive association between hormonal factors and breast cancer, and confirms the protective role of multiparity and lactation.


Cite this paper
Laamiri, F. , Bouayad, A. , Hasswane, N. , Ahid, S. , Mrabet, M. and Amina, B. (2015) Risk Factors for Breast Cancer of Different Age Groups: Moroccan Data?. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 79-87. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.52011.
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