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 AJPS  Vol.6 No.2 , February 2015
The Microenvironment within and Pollen Transmission through Polyethylene Sorghum Pollination Bags
Abstract: Bird damage is a problem in sorghum breeding and germplasm maintenance operations. Paper pollination bags are damaged by rain and provide minimal deterrent to birds. Earlier we reported upon bird resistance of spun polyethylene pollination bags. Herein, we report the potential for pollen transmission through, and the microenvironment within, hard form (HfT) and soft form (SfT) spun polyethylene pollination bags as compared to traditional Paper pollination bags. Within Paper pollination bags morning temperatures were 10°C - 15°C above ambient and high temperature excursions as high as 45°C were measured. Heating in Sft and HfT was 25% and 50% that of Paper, respectively. Temperature differences between bags were attributed to differences in albedo and air permeability of the bag materials. No difference in pollen transmission through Paper and HfT was found. Although SfT allowed 35% - 40% wind borne pollen through the pores as compared to controls, male sterile plants covered with SfT produced only 30 seeds/panicle, about 1% of a self-pollinating fertile plant. Our results suggested that SfT could adequately reduce or eliminate cross-pollination in self-pollinating plants while maintaining near ambient environmental conditions.
Cite this paper: Gitz, D. , Baker, J. , Xin, Z. , Burke, J. and Lascano, R. (2015) The Microenvironment within and Pollen Transmission through Polyethylene Sorghum Pollination Bags. American Journal of Plant Sciences, 6, 265-274. doi: 10.4236/ajps.2015.62030.
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