OJG  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2015
Mineralogical Characteristics of Garnet in Garnet Mica Schist and Its Tectonic Significance in the Tongbai Section of the Shangdan Fault Zone
Abstract: Studies on the metamorphism and deformation conditions of rocks in the suture zone are good ways to discuss the orogenic process and mechanism. The microstructure and ultramicrostructure features of minerals are true embodiment of formation environment of the orogenic belt. Based on the study of microstructure, ultramicrostructure deformation characteristic and compositional zonation of garnets in garnets-mica schists in the Tongbai mountain, east section of the Shangdan fault zone, the results show that the three types of garnets have suffered various states of plastic deformation. The dynamic recrystallization of garnets is due to the subgrain growth and boundary migration. The dislocations are mainly free dislocation and dislocation walls. The free dislocation density ρ = 6.14 × 108/cm2, and dislocation movement are mainly slips; slip planes are 1/2 <111> {110} and <100> {001}. Garnet microprobe analysis shows that it belongs to almandine, and reflects it has undergone epidote-amphibolite to amphibolite facies metamorphism. Compositional zonation of garnet shows that the rocks had experienced progressive metamorphism. First metamorphic environment was continuous temperature-pressure and in mid-term there were two non-synchronous transient cooling and decompression processes, and it finally underwent decompression and warming process of the thermal relaxation environment. The formation condition of garnet-mica schist is estimated: T = 562°C - 617°C, and P = 0.77 - 1.02 GPa. The differential stress is 0.511 GPa and strain rate is 4.97536 × 10-10 m/s. After systemic analysis, a conclusion is drawn that the plastic deformation mode, deformation mechanism and formation environment of garnets are closely related to the formation and development of the Shangdan fault zone. It truly reflects that the Shangdan fault zone, as the suture zone of Yangtze and north China plate, has been subjected to early medium-grade metamorphism. With the continuous compression after the collision, the left-lateral shearing happened and caused the formation of high density dislocations and subgrains of the garnets; finally the plastic deformation happened and the bulging recrystallization formed in the period of heat relaxation had a relative low stress.
Cite this paper: Ren, S. , Song, C. and Li, J. (2015) Mineralogical Characteristics of Garnet in Garnet Mica Schist and Its Tectonic Significance in the Tongbai Section of the Shangdan Fault Zone. Open Journal of Geology, 5, 13-27. doi: 10.4236/ojg.2015.51002.

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