IJG  Vol.6 No.1 , January 2015
Dust as a Potential Tracer for the Flow over Topography
ABSTRACT
The distribution of mineral dust around topographical obstacles is examined, employing the dimensionless Froude number that describes different flow regimes in a fluid. Flow around a peak with a near-circular shape in a dusty environment like the Sahara and the Sahel was examined in order to investigate the distribution of the dust around the obstacle. The Total Ozone Mapping Spectrometer Aerosol Index (TOMS-AI) daily Aerosol Index, the u and v wind components and the temperature, were used for the period 1979-1992, i.e. 14 years. It is found by the AI data that the shape of the dust distribution around the circular peak is in good agreement with the shape of the peak itself. Additionally good correlation exists between the vertical distribution of the dust above the peak and the Froude Number in its vicinity. This method allows for the first time the investigation of the flow above and around topographical obstacles in different flow conditions in the open space employing dust as the flow tracer.

Cite this paper
Alpert, P. and Barkan, J. (2015) Dust as a Potential Tracer for the Flow over Topography. International Journal of Geosciences, 6, 42-50. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2015.61003.
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