AiM  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2015
The Influence of Bioproducts on Mycorrhizal Occurrence and Diversity in the Rhizosphere of Strawberry Plants under Controlled Conditions
ABSTRACT
The new products obtained from natural resources are an alternative to methods based on traditional mineral fertilizers, which are destructive for soil mycorrhizal communities. Our experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of organic fertilizers and amendments of very diverse composition on mycorrhizal abundance and diversity, as well as on root growth, in strawberry plants cv. “Honeoye”. The plants were grown in rhizoboxes filled with a podsolic soil. The plants were treated with granulated bovine manure, vermicompost extract, humates extract, plant extract, extract from seaweed species reinforced with humic and fulvic acids, a consortium of beneficial soil organisms, a stillage from yeast production and a solution of titanium. Plants treated with products and the microorganisms consortium also received half dose of manure. A standard mineral fertilization (NPK) and an unfertilized control were also included. The bioproducts based on humus-like substances and the yeast stillage had the greatest positive influence on the colonization of roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF). The different treatments affected the diversity of AMF species present in the rhizospheric soil. All organic products, even though providing a significantly low amount of nutrients, enhanced root growth characteristics in comparison to the mineral fertilization.

Cite this paper
Paszt, L. , Malusá, E. , Sumorok, B. , Canfora, L. , Derkowska, E. and Głuszek, S. (2015) The Influence of Bioproducts on Mycorrhizal Occurrence and Diversity in the Rhizosphere of Strawberry Plants under Controlled Conditions. Advances in Microbiology, 5, 40-53. doi: 10.4236/aim.2015.51005.
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