OJOG  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2015
Three-Year Outcome of Very Low Birth Weight Infants in Conservatively Managed Premature Rupture of Membranes
ABSTRACT

Aim: To elucidate the outcome for very low birth weight infants delivered after preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) managed conservatively, and to determine the prognostic value of perinatal factors for long-term outcome. Methods: Perinatal data were collected from medical records for singleton live-birth infants delivered between 1991 and 2008 after conservatively managed PPROM. Cases of congenital anomalies and chromosomal aberrations were excluded. Poor outcome was defined as a composite measure of death, neurological morbidity including cerebral palsy, or neurodevelopmental delay. Associations between perinatal factors and poor outcome at the corrected age of 3 were estimated using logistic regression analysis. Results: After the exclusion, 356 infants meeting the study criteria were identified, 26 cases were lost to follow-up, and 330 were eligible at 3 years. The mortality rate was 10% and the incidence of neurological morbidities was 12%. Logistic regression analysis revealed gestational age at birth [adjusted odds ratio (aOR) 0.815], and five-minute Apgar scores (aOR 0.521) were independent predictors for poor outcome. Conclusion: When PPROM was managed conservatively, 22% of VLBW infants had a poor outcome at corrected age of 3 years. Early gestational age at birth and low Apgar scores were associated with poor outcome.


Cite this paper
Sasahara, J. , Ishii, K. , Kishimoto, T. , Yamashita, A. , Hayashi, S. and Mitsuda, N. (2015) Three-Year Outcome of Very Low Birth Weight Infants in Conservatively Managed Premature Rupture of Membranes. Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 5, 70-78. doi: 10.4236/ojog.2015.51010.
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