AMPC  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2015
Some Effect of Chemical Treatment by Ferric Nitrate Salts on the Structure and Morphology of Coir Fibre Composites
Abstract: The present study shows some important effects of chemical treatment on the structure and morphology of coir fibre. The objective of the present study is to optimise overall properties of coir fibre so as to use coir fibre as a reinforcing agent in thermoplastic and thermosetting polymers. In the present study, coir fibre is treated with ferric nitrate salt. A thermal treatment has been done at temperature of 1000°C by using annealing method. X-ray diffraction of the treated coir fibre reveals the crystalline nature of the fibre. Change in morphology has been found in coir fibre when subjected to scanning electron microscopy. Finally, the Fourier transform and infrared spectrographs show the presence of traces of iron oxide:fibre in the prepared composite.
Cite this paper: Khan, A. , Joshi, S. , Ahmad, M. and Lyashenko, V. (2015) Some Effect of Chemical Treatment by Ferric Nitrate Salts on the Structure and Morphology of Coir Fibre Composites. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 5, 39-45. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2015.51006.

[1]   Calado, V., Barreto, D.W. and D’Almeida, J.R.M. (2000) The Effect of a Chemical Treatment on the Structure and Morphology of Coir Fibers. Journal of Material Science Letters, 19, 2151-2153.

[2]   Mallick, P.K. (1993) Fibre Reinforced Composites: Materials, Manufacturing and Design. 2nd Edition, Marcel Dekker Inc., New York, 74.

[3]   Harish, S., Peter Michael, D., Mohan Lal, D. and Rajadurai, A. (2009) Mechanical Property Evaluation of Natural Fiber Coir Composite. Material Characterization, 60, 44-49.

[4]   Venkataswamy, M.A., Pillai, C.S.K., Prasad, V.S. and Satyanarayana, K.G. (1987) Effect of Weathering on the Mechanical Properties of Midribs of Coconut Leaves. Journal of Material Science, 22, 3167-3172.

[5]   Prasad, S.V., Pavithram, C. and Rohatgi, P.K. (1983) Alkali Treatment of Coir Fibres for Coir-Polyester Composites. Journal of Material Science, 18, 1443-1454.

[6]   Mohanty, A.K. and Mishra, M. (1995) Biofibres, Biodegradable Polymers and Biocomposites: An Overview. Polymer Plastic Technology and Engineering, 34, 729-792.

[7]   Blezdki, A.K., Reihmane, S. and Gassan, J. (1996) Properties and Modification Methods for Vegetable Fibers for Natural Fiber Composites. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 59, 1329-1336.<1329::AID-APP17>3.0.CO;2-0

[8]   Denes, F., Neilsen, L.D. and Young, R.A. (1997) Cold Plasma State—A New Approach to Improve Surface Adhesion in Lignocellulosic Plastics Composites. Lignocellulic Plastics Composites, 1, 61-110.

[9]   Choi, N.W., Mori, I. and Ohama, Y. (2006) Development of Rice Husks-Plastics Composites for Building Materials. Waste Management, 26, 189-194.

[10]   Zeng, Z., Ren, W., Xu, C., Lu, W. and Zhang, Y. (2010) Maleated Natural Rubber Prepared through Mechanochemistry and Its Coupling Effects on Natural Rubber/Cotton Fiber Composites. Journal of Polymer Research, 17, 213-219.

[11]   Thwe, M.M. and Liao, K. (2002) Effects of Environmental Aging on the Mechanical Properties of Bamboo-Glass Fiber Reinforced Polymer Matrix Hybrid Composites. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 33, 43-52.

[12]   Yang, H.S., Kim, H.J., Son, J., Park, H.J., Lee, B.J. and Hwang, T.S. (2004) Rice-Husk Flour Filled Polypropylene Composites: Mechanical and Morphological Study. Composite Structures, 63, 305-312.

[13]   Rana, A.K., Mandal, A. and Bandyopadhyay, S. (2003) Short Jute Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effect of Compatibiliser, Impact Modifier and Fiber Loading. Composites Science and Technology, 63, 801-806.

[14]   Karmarkar, A., Chauhan, S.S., Modak, J.M. and Chanda, M. (2007) Mechanical Properties of Wood-Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites: Effect of a Novel Compatibilizer with Isocyanate Functional Group. Composites Part A: Applied Science and Manufacturing, 38, 227-233.

[15]   Teramoto, N., Urata, K., Ozawa, K. and Shibatal, M. (2008) Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene Composites Reinforced with Chemically Treated Coir and Abaca Fiber. Bioresource Technology, 99, 1474-1480.

[16]   Rimduist, S., Wongsongyot, S., Jittarom, S., Suwanmala, P. and Tiptipakon, S. (2010) Effects of Gamma Irradiation with and without Compatibilizer on the Mechanical Properties of Polypropylene- Wood Flour Composites. Journal of Polymer Research, 18, 801-809.

[17]   Noorunnisa Khanam, P., Abdul Khalil, H.P.S., Jawaid, M., Ramachandra Reddy, G., Surya Narayana, C. and Venkata Naidu, S. (2010) Sisal/Carbon Fibre Reinforced Hybrid Composites: Tensile, Flexural and Chemical Resistance Properties. Journal of Polymers and the Environment, 18, 727-733.

[18]   Ariffuzaman Khan, G.M. and Shamsul Alam, Md. (2012) Thermal Characterization of Chemically Treated Coconut Husk Fibre. Indian Journal of Fibre & Textile Research, 37, 20-26.

[19]   Mullick, S.S. (2012) Fabrication and Characterization of Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. Master Thesis, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela.

[20]   Khan, M.A., Bhattacharia, S.K., Hassan, M.M. and Sultana, A. (2006) Effect of Pretreatment with Detergent on Mechanical Properties of Photocured Coir (Cocos nucifera) Fiber with Ethyleneglycol Dimethacrylate. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 101, 1630-1636.

[21]   Khan, A. and Joshi, S. (2014) Mechanical and Morphological Study of Coir Fiber Treated with Different Nitro Compounds. International Journal of Advancement in Electronics and Computer Engineering, 2, 276-279.

[22]   Zhao, B., Wang, Y., Guo, H., Wang, J., He, Y., Jiao, Z. and Wu, M. (2007) Iron Oxide(III) Nanoparticles Fabricated by Electron Beam Irradiation Method. Materials Science Poland, 25, 1143-1148.

[23]   Wang, H.G., Li, Y.X., Sun, L., Li, Y.C., Wang, W., Wang, S.A., Xu, S.F. and Yang, Q.B. (2010) Electrospun Novel Bifunctional Magnetic-Photoluminescent Nanofibers Based on Fe2O3 Nanoparticles and Europium Complex. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 350, 396-401.

[24]   Choudhury, R. (2012) Fabrication and Characterization of Raw and Dewaxed Coir Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. E-Thesis, Department of Physics, National Institute of Technology, Rourkela.

[25]   Samal, N. (2012) Fabrication and Characterization of Acetone Treated Natural Fibre Reinforced Polymer Composites. E-Thesis, Department of Physics, National Institute of Iechnology, Rourkela.

[26]   Ahmad, Z., Sarifuddin, N., Iis, S. and Halim, Z. (2011) Effect of Fiber Length Variations on Mechanical and Physical Properties of Coir Fiber Reinforced Cement-Albument Composites (CFRCC). IIUM Engineering Journal, 12, 63-75.

[27]   Kim, T., Nunnery, G.A., Jacob, K., Schwartz, J., Liu, X. and Tannenbaum, R. (2010) Synthesis, Characterization, and Alignment of Magnetic Carbon Nanotubes Tethered with Maghemite Nanoparticles. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 114, 6944-6951.

[28]   Sahoo, S.K., Agarwal, K., Singh, A.K., Polke, B.G. and Raha, K.C. (2010) Characterization of γ and α-Fe2O3 Nano Powders Synthesized by Emulsion Precipitation-Calcination Route and Rheological Behaviour of α-Fe2O3. International Journal of Engineering, Science and Technology, 2, 118-126.