JTTs  Vol.5 No.1 , January 2015
Evaluation of the Environmental, Social Effects for the Egyptian National Railways Restructuring
Abstract: This paper presents the main findings of the environmental and social impact assessment (ESIA) for the Egyptian national railways restructuring. This paper consists of the two parts: 1) modernizing the signaling system on the Arab El Raml-Alexandria Line and creating a Central Traffic Management Center in Tanta; and 2) renewing 200 km of track in Lower and Upper Egypt. The purpose of this evaluation is to identify and examine the potential socio-cultural, economic, and physical impacts of the railway restructuring, and propose measures to mitigate its adverse impacts, and develop plans for managing and monitoring the environmental aspects of the railway restructuring. This paper describes outlines of the environmental and social sensitivities of the railway restructuring area, potentially significant impacts of the proposed project and plans for their mitigation. Detailed information on the environmental and socio economic settings of the railway restructuring, components and activities of the proposed project and the results of the environmental and social impact assessment studies are presented in the body of the paper.
Cite this paper: Ali, M. and Sayed, M. (2015) Evaluation of the Environmental, Social Effects for the Egyptian National Railways Restructuring. Journal of Transportation Technologies, 5, 24-36. doi: 10.4236/jtts.2015.51003.

[1]   Egyptian Railways (2005) Diagnosis of the Present Situation and Restructuring Strategy (August 2005).

[2]   El-Sayed Al-Tony, F. and Abdelkader Lashina (2000) Cost-Benefict Analysis of Railway. Electrification: Case Study for Cairo-Alexandria Railway Line. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 18, 323-333.

[3]   The World Bank (2005) Restructuring Egypt Railways, Egypt Public Expenditure, Policy Note 4, Review August 2005.

[4]   Deborah Matherly: Egypt Railway Study (2009) Technical Assistance for Safety Improvements AND RAIL Traffic Management. Transportation research Board of the National Academies, Nr. 15, 13.

[5]   Egypt State Information Service (2007) Year Book (2007).

[6]   The World Bank (2009) Egyptian National Railways Restructuring Project Report, Report No: AB2433, February 26, 2009.

[7]   (2008) Report of the Environmental Impact Assessment. May 2008.

[8]   CAPMAS (2012) Central Agency for Population Mobilization and Statistics. Population Estimates by Sex & Generate 1/1/2012, Egypt in Figures 2012, March 2012.

[9]   Description of Egypt in Numbers (2007) Publication of the Information and Decision Support Center, Cabinet of Ministers.

[10]   Ali, S.A. (2004) Investigation of the Dose-Response Relationship for Road Traffic Noise. Department of Architecture, Faculty of Engineering, Assiut University, Assiut, Egypt Applied Acoustics, in press Egyptian Environmental Law No. 4. Egyptian Ministry of Environment, Cairo, Egypt, 1994.