Neubauer, F. and Lank, A. (1998) The Family Business: Its Governance for Sustainability. MacMillan Press Ltd., Houndmills, 65-67.
 Sarbah, A. and Xiao, W. (2013) Corporate Governance Practices in Ghanaian Family Businesses: A Conceptual Framework. International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology, 3, 100-115.
 The Pearl Initiative & PricewaterhouseCoopers (2012) Family Matters Governance Practices in GCC Family Firms.
 Ward, J.L. (1991) Creating Effective Boards for Private Enterprises: Meeting the Challenges of Continuity and Competition. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
 Litz, R.A. (1995) The Family Business: Toward Definitional Clarity. Family Business Review, 8, 71-81.
 Poutziouris, P., O’Sullivan, K. and Nicolescu, L. (1997) The [Re]-Generation of Family-Business Entrepreneurship in the Balkans. Family Business Review, 10, 239-261. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1997.00239.x
 Fahed-Sreih, J. (2009) An Exploratory Study on a New Corporate Governance Mechanism: Evidence from Small Family Firms. Management Research News, 32, 50-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/01409170910922023
 Gompers, P.A., Ishii, J.L. and Metrick, A. (2003) Corporate Governance and Equity Prices. The Quarterly Journal of Economics, 118, 107-156. http://dx.doi.org/10.1162/00335530360535162
 Hua, J.Y., Miesing, P. and Li, M.F. (2006) An Empirical Taxonomy of SOE Governance in Transitional China. Journal of Management & Governance, 10, 401-433. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10997-006-9008-z
 Lubatkin, M.H., Schulze, W.S., Ling, Y. and Dino, R.N. (2005) The Effects of Parental Altruism on the Governance of Family-Managed Firms. Journal of Organizational Behaviour, 26, 313-330. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/job.307
 Carney, M. and Gedajlovic, E. (2001) Corporate Governance and Firm Capabilities: A Comparison of Managerial, Alliance and Personal Capitalism. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 18, 335-354.
 Morck, R., Shleifer, A. and Vishny, R.W. (1988) Management Ownership and Market Valuation. Journal of Financial Economics, 20, 293-315. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-405X(88)90048-7
 Emmons, W.R. and Schmid, F.A. (1999) Corporate Governance and Corporate Performance. Working Paper 1999-018A, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, St. Louis. http://research.stlouisfed.org/wp/1999/99-018.pdf
 Severin, E. (2001) Ownership Structure and the Performance of Firms: Evidence from France. European Journal of Economic and Social Systems, 15, 85-107.
 Drobetz, W., Schillhofer, A. and Zimmermann, H. (2004) Corporate Governance and Expected Stock Returns: Evidence from Germany. European Financial Management, 10, 267-293.
 Klapper, L.F. and Love, I. (2004) Corporate Governance, Investor Protection and Performance in Emerging Markets. Journal of Corporate Finance, 10, 703-728. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0929-1199(03)00046-4
 Brown, L.D. and Caylor, M.L. (2006) Corporate Governance and Firm Operating Performance.
 Bistrova, J. and Lace, N. (2011) Evaluation of Corporate Governance Influence on Stock Performance of CEE Companies. Proceedings of the 2011 WMSCI, Orlando, 19-22 July 2011, 59-64.
 Walls, J.L., Berrone, P. and Phan, P.H. (2012) Corporate Governance and Environmental Performance: Is There Really a Link? Strategic Management Journal, 33, 885-913. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smj.1952
 Milgrom, P. and Roberts, J. (1992) Economics, Organization & Management. Prentice Hall, New York.
 Cadbury, S.A. (1999) Sir, What Are the Trends in Corporate Governance? How Will They Impact Your Company? Long Range Planning, 32, 12-19.
 Abor, J. and Quartey, P. (2010) Issues in SME Development in Ghana and South Africa. International Research Journal of Finance and Economics, 39, 218-228.
 Millinuex, A.W. (1997) The Funding of Non-Financial Corporations (NFCs) in the EU (1971-1993): Evidence of Convergence. Mimeo, Department of Economics, University of Birmingham, Birmingham.
 Peters, M. (2005) Succession in Tourism Family Business: The Motivation of Succeeding Family Members. Tourism Review, 60, 12-18. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/eb058461
 Garcia-Castro, R. and Casasola, M.J. (2011) A Set-Theoretic Analysis of the Components of Family Involvement in Publicly Listed and Major Unlisted Firm. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 2, 15-25.
 Astrachan, J.H. and Shanker, M.C. (2003) Family Businesses’ Contribution to the US Economy: A Closer Look. Family Business Review, 16, 211-219.
 Chua, J.H., Chrisman, J.J. and Sharma, P. (1999) Defining the Family Business by Behaviour. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 23, 19-39.
 Lansberg, I.S., Perrow, E.L. and Rogolski, S. (1988) Family Business as an Emerging Field. Family Business Review, 1, 1-8. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1988.00001.x
 Habbershon, T. and Williamson, M.L. (1999) A Resource Based Framework for Assessing the Strategic Advantages of Family Firms. No. 39, Enterprising Families Initiative, The Wharton School, Philadelphia.
 Donckels, R. and Frohlich, E. (1991) Are Family Businesses Really Different? European Experiences from STRATOS. Family Business Review, 4, 149-160. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1991.00149.x
 Barry, B. (1989) The Development of Organization Structure in the Family Firm. Family Business Review, 2, 293-315.
 Handler, W.C. (1989) Methodological Issues and Considerations in Studying Family Businesses. Family Business Review, 2, 257-276. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1989.00257.x
 Donnelly, R.G. (1964) The Family Business. Harvard Business Review, 42, 93-105.
 Ward, J.L. (1998) Professor of Private Enterprise. In: Neubauer, F. and Lank, A.G., Eds., The Family Business—Its Governance for Sustainability, Routledge, London.
 Ward, J.L. and Aronoff, C.E. (1990) To Sell or Not Sell. Nations Business, 78, 63-64.
 Kircho, B.A. and Kircho, J.J. (1987) Family Contributions to Productivity and Profitability in Small Business. Journal of Small Business Management, 25, 25-31.
 Pearson, A.W., Carr, J.C. and Shaw, J.C. (2008) Towards a Theory of Familiness: A Social Capital Perspective. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 32, 949-969. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2008.00265.x
 Krappe, A., Goutas, L. and Schlippe, A. (2011) The Family Business Brand: An Enquiry into the Construction of the Image of Family Business. Journal of Political Economy, 1, 37-46.
 Melin, L. and Nordqvist, M. (2000) Corporate Governance Processes in Family Firms. The Role of In?uential Actors and the Strategic Arena. Proceedings of ICSB World Conference 2000, Brisbane, 7-10 June 2000.
 Anderson, R. and Reeb, D. (2003) Founding-Family Ownership and Firm Performance: Evidence from S&P 500. Journal of Finance, 58, 1301-1327. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1540-6261.00567
 Gallo, M.A. (1995) The Role of Family Business and Its Distinctive Characteristic Behavior in Industrial Activity. Family Business Review, 8, 83-97. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1995.00083.x
 McConaughy, D. and Phillips, G. (1999) Founders versus Descendants: The Profitability, Efficiency, Growth Characteristics and Financing in Large, Public, Founding-Family-Controlled Firms. Family Business Review, 12, 123-131.
 Westhead, P. and Cowling, M. (1998) Family Business Research: The Need for a Methodological Rethink. Entrepreneurship: Theory and Practice, 23, 31-57.
 Peng, M.W. and Jiang, Y. (2010) Institutions behind Family Ownership and Control in Large Firms. Journal of Management Studies, 47, 253-273. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-6486.2009.00890.x
 Yu, T.F.L. (2001) The Chinese Family Business as a Strategic System: An Evolutionary Perspective. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Behaviour & Research, 7, 22-28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/13552550110385736
 Iyer, G.R. (1999) The Impact of Religion and Reputation in the Organization of Indian Merchant Communities. The Journal of Business & Industrial Marketing, 14, 102-117. http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/08858629910258982
 Aryeetey, E. (2001) Priority Research Issues Relating to Regulation and Competition in Ghana. Working Paper Series, Centre on Regulation and Competition, Manchester.
 Steel, W.F. and Webster, L.M. (1991) Small Enterprises in Ghana: Responses to Adjustment. Industry Series Paper No. 33, The World Bank Industry and Energy Department, Washington DC.
 Kayanula, D. and Quartey, P. (2000) The Policy Environment for Promoting Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Ghana and Malawi. Institute for Development Policy and Management, University of Manchester, Finance and Development Working Paper No. 15.
 Caspar, C., Dias, A.K. and Elstrodt, H. (2010) The Five Attributes of Enduring Family Businesses. Mckinsey Quarterly, January 2010.
 Lin, W. (2012) Family Ownership and Internationalization Processes: Internationalization Pace, Internationalization Scope, and Internationalization Rhythm. European Management Journal, 30, 47-56.
 Heck, R.K.Z. and Trent, E.S. (1999) The Prevalence of Family Business from a Household Sample. Family Business Review, 12, 209-224. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1999.00209.x
 Grant, R. (2006) The Family Business. CA Magazine, 139, 51-52.
 Claver, E., Rienda, L. and Quer, D. (2007) The Internationalisation Process in Family Firms: Choice of Market Entry Strategies. Journal of General Management, 33, 1-14.
 Abdellatif, M., Amann, M. and Jaussaud, J. (2009) Family versus Non-Family Business: A Comparison of International Strategies. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 2, 108-116.
 Cadbury, A. (2000) Family Firms and Their Governance: Creating Tomorrow’s Company from Today’s.
 Carsrud, A.L. (2006) Commentary: “Are We Family and Are We Treated as Family? Nonfamily Employees’ Perceptions of Justice in the Family Firm”: It All Depends on Perceptions of Family, Fairness, Equity, and Justice. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 30, 855-860. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-6520.2006.00156.x
 Astrachan, J.H. (2010) Strategy in Family Business: Toward a Multidimensional Research Agenda. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 1, 6-14. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jfbs.2010.02.001
 Eisenmann-Mittenzwei, A. (2006) Familienunternehmen und Corporate Governance: Themen eines Diskurses. Verlag Dr. Kovac, Hamburg.
 Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, OECD (2005) Glossary of Statistical Terms.
 Westhead, P. and Howorth, C. (2006) Ownership and Management Issues Associated with Family Firm Performance and Company Objectives. Family Business Review, 19, 301-316. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.2006.00077.x
 Miller, D. and Le Breton-Miller, I. (2005) Managing for the Long Run: Lessons in Competitive Advantage from Great Family Businesses. Harvard Business School Press, Boston.
 Claessens, S., Djankov, S., Fan, J.P.H. and Lang, L.H.P. (2002) Disentangling the Incentive and Entrenchment Effects of Large Shareholders. The Journal of Finance, 57, 2741-2771. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1540-6261.00511
 Berglof, E. and Von Thadden, E.-L. (1999) The Changing Corporate Governance Paradigm: Implications for Transition and Developing Countries. Proceedings of the Annual World Bank Conference on Development Economics, Washington DC, 3-4 June 1999, 1-31. http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.183708
 Hart, O. (1995) Corporate Governance: Some Theory and Implications. The Economic Journal, 105, 678-698.
 Bebchuk, L., Cohen, A. and Ferrell, A. (2004) What Matters in Corporate Governance and Control. NBER Working Papers, No. 9371, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc., Cambridge.
 Kyereboah-Coleman, A. and Biekpe, N. (2006) The Link between Corporate Governance and Performance of the Non-Traditional Export Sector: Evidence from Ghana. Corporate Governance, 6, 609-623.
 Kyereboah-Coleman, A. and Biekpe, N. (2006) Do Boards and CEOs Matter for Bank Performance? A Comparative Analysis of Banks in Ghana. Journal of Corporate Ownership and Control, 4, 119-126.
 Kyereboah-Coleman, A. and Biekpe, N. (2006) Corporate Governance and Financing Choices of Firms: A Panel Data Analysis. South African Journal of Economics, 74, 670-681. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1813-6982.2006.00097.x
 Davis, J.H., Schoorman, D.L. and Donaldson, L. (1997) The Distinctiveness of Agency Theory and Stewardship Theory. Academy of Management Review, 22, 611-613.
 Clark, T. (2004) Theories of Corporate Governance: The Philosophical Foundations of Corporate Governance. Routledge, London and New York.
 Mallin, C.A. (2004) Corporate Governance. Oxford University Press, Oxford.
 Brunninge, O., Nordqvist, M. and Wiklund, J. (2007) Corporate Governance and Strategic Change in SMEs: The Effects of Ownership, Board Composition and Top Management Teams. Small Business Economics, 29, 295-308.
 Kontinen, T. and Ojala, A. (2009) Internationalization of Family Firms: A Review of Extant Research. Journal of Family Business Strategy, 2, 97-107.
 Miller, D. and Le Breton-Miller, I. (2006) Family Governance and Firm Performance: Agency, Stewardship, and Capabilities. Family Business Review, 19, 73-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.2006.00063.x
 Donaldson, L. and Davis, J. (1991) Stewardship Theory or Agency Theory: CEO Governance and Shareholder Returns. Academy of Management Review, 20, 65.
 Agyris, C. (1973) Some Limits of Rational Man Organizational Theory. Public Administration Review, 33, 253-267.
 Gulzar, M.A. and Wang, Z.J (2010) Corporate Governance and Non-Listed Family Owned Businesses: An Evidence from Pakistan. International Journal of Innovation, Management and Technology, 1, 127-128.
 Gatamah, K. (2008) Corporate Governance in the African Context. Centre for International Private Enterprise, Washington DC.
 Sun, L. (2014) Why Is Corporate Governance Important? WebFinance, Inc.
 Aronoff, C.E. and Ward, J.L. (1995) Family-Owned Businesses: A Thing of the Past or a Model for the Future? Family Business Review, 8, 121-130. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.1995.00121.x
 Hosmer, L.T. (1995) Trust: The Connecting Link between Organizational Theory and Philosophical Ethics. Academy of Management Review, 20, 379-403.
 Cabrera-Suarez, K., De Saa-Perez, P. and Garcia-Almeida, D. (2001) The Succession Process from a Resource-and Knowledge-Based View of the Family Firm. Family Business Review, 14, 37-48.
 Steier, L. (2001) Family Firm, Plural Forms of Governance, and the Evolving Role of Trust. Family Business Review, 14, 353-368. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1741-6248.2001.00353.x
 Ward, J.L. (1987) Keeping the Family Business Healthy. Jossey-Bass, San Francisco.
 Gersick, K., Davis, J.A., Hampton, M.M. and Lansberg, I. (1997) Generation to Generation: Life Cycles of the Family Business. Harvard Business School Press, Boston.
 Carlock, R.S. and Ward, J.L. (2001) Strategic Planning for the Family Business Parallel Planning to Unify the Family and the Business. Palgrave, New York.
 Kontinen, T. and Ojala, A. (2010) Internationalization Pathways of Family SMEs: Psychic Distance as a Focal Point. Journal of Small Business and Enterprise Development, 17, 437-454.
 Nordqvist, M., Hall, A. and Melin, L. (2009) Qualitative Research on Family Businesses: The Relevance and Usefulness of the Interpretive Approach. Journal of Management and Organization, 15, 294-308.
 Holme, I.M. and Solvang, B.K. (1997) Forskningsmetodik, om kvalitativa och kvantitativa metoder. Studentlitteratur, Lund.
 Darlington, Y. and Scott, D. (2002) Qualitative Research in Practice. Open University Press, Berkshire.
 Yin, R.K. (2009) Case Study Research: Design and Methods. 4th Edition, SAGE Publications Ltd., Thousand Oaks.
 Merriam, S.B. (1998) Qualitative Research and Case Study Applications in Education. Jossey-Bass Publishers, San Francisco.
 Patton, M.Q. (2002) Qualitative Research and Evaluation Methods. 3rd Edition, Sage Publications Ltd., Thousand Oaks.
 Ghauri, P., Gr?nhaug, K. and Kristianslund, I. (1995) Research Methods in Business Studies: A Practical Guide. Prentice Hall, Hemel Hempstead.