MSA  Vol.6 No.1 , January 2015
Mechanical Activation of Chemical Process
Author(s) Czesław Kajdas
ABSTRACT
Recently, some specificities of hydrothermal synthesis have been discussed by Avvakumov, Senna and Kosova, emphasizing the ability of water to dissolve selected materials at increased temperature and pressure, and suggest that the process is based on self-ionization. The present author proposes an alternative approach based on low-energy electrons generated by processes of mechanical action (mechanical activation). These types of reactions encompass both mechanochemistry and tribochemistry. Mention wise is that tribochemical reactions are distinct from those of thermochemical reactions. G. Kaupp considers mechanochemistry as mechanical breakage of intramolecular bonds by external force. Sakaguchi et al. introduced the concept of mechano-anion-radicals (MARs) generation process in the polymer mechanical degradation via two types of carbon-carbon (C-C) bond cleavage, homogeneous and heterogeneous. Based on the negative-ion-radical-action-mechanism (NIRAM) approach, this paper proposes a novel mechanism which eliminates the heterogeneous C-C bond splitting. It is evidenced that both the proposed alternative mechanism and the substitution of the heterogeneous C-C bond splitting are possible.

Cite this paper
Kajdas, C. (2015) Mechanical Activation of Chemical Process. Materials Sciences and Applications, 6, 60-67. doi: 10.4236/msa.2015.61008.
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