AS  Vol.6 No.1 , January 2015
Infestation of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabr.) during Five Consecutive Cycles of Sugarcane Crop Succeeding Leguminous Crops
Abstract: The area cultivated with sugarcane in Brazil is expanding, and increasingly using legumes cover crop in new deployed areas and in those which were reformed. Long-term trials were carried out in Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, to evaluate the effect of leguminous green manure on the natural infestation of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabr.) during five cropping cycles of sugarcane “IAC 87-3396”. This study was carried out from October 1999 to October 2005 in Piracicaba, Sao Paulo, Brazil, at coordinates 22°42''S and 47°38''W, 560 m above sea level, in soil classified as Typic Paleudult. Green manure crops were assigned to five treatments: peanuts (Arachis hypogaea L.) (cultivar “IAC-Tatu” and “IAC-Caiapó”), sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) (cultivar “IAC 1”) and velvet-bean [Mucuna aterrima (Piper & Tracy) Holland] (cultivar “common”). A treatment without any green manure or weed was used as the control. The previous sugarcane crop was destroyed and the soil was prepared in a conventional way (using plow and harrow) before the leguminous crops were sowed. Thirty days after the sowing, weeds were removed and, 120 days later, the crops were cut and its biomass was deposited on the soil surface without incorporation. Experimental plots comprised five rows of sugarcane, each one measuring 10 m long and spaced 1.40 m apart. The sugarcane was harvested 18 months after biomass deposit, on October 25th, 2001 and its stalks were collected at intervals of approximately 12 months in: 07/09/2002, 08/01/2003, 11/07/2004 and 10/06/2005. At harvest, the masses were determined from a sample of sugarcane, cut from three rows (2 m long) in the center of the plot. The losses caused by the sugarcane borer were estimated by the intensity of the infestation by randomly observing and collecting sugarcane stems from each plot. A great reduction in the number of stalks and in the yield was noted proportionally to the intensity of the infestation of the borer in the sugarcane crop grown after the velvet-bean. The sugarcane-velvet-bean rotation should be regarded considering the intensity of sugarcane borer infestation. No influence of the other green manure crops was observed on the intensity of the infestations. However, the harvest seasons of the sugarcane seemed to influence the borer infestation.
Cite this paper: Ambrosano, E. , Lourenção, A. , Wutke, E. , Rossi, F. , Dias, F. , Tavares, S. and Ambrosano, G. (2015) Infestation of Diatraea saccharalis (Fabr.) during Five Consecutive Cycles of Sugarcane Crop Succeeding Leguminous Crops. Agricultural Sciences, 6, 14-21. doi: 10.4236/as.2015.61002.

[1]   Bleszynski, S. (1969) The Taxonomy of the Crambinae Moth Borers of Sugarcane. In: Williams, J.R., et al., Eds., Pests of Sugar Cane, Elsevier, New York, 11-41.

[2]   Ogunwolu, E.O., Reagan, T.E., Damann, K.E. and Hensley, S.D. (1988) Effects of Crop Damage Caused by the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis (F.) and the Ratoonstunting Disease Bacterium on Sugarcane Yield in Louisiana. Insect Science Applae, 9, 415-419.

[3]   Pashley, D.P., Hardy, T.N., Hammond, A.M. and Mihm, J.A. (1990) Genetic Evidence for Sibling Species within the Sugarcane Borer (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 83, 1048-1053.

[4]   Farias, J.R., Costa, E.C., Guedes, J.V.C., Arbage, A.P., Neto, A.B., Bigolin, M. and Pinto, F.F. (2013) Managing the Sugarcane Borer, Diatraea saccharalis, and Corn Earworm, Helicoverpa zea, Using Bt Corn and Insecticide Treatments. Journal of Insect Science, 13, 1-10.

[5]   Dinardo-Miranda, L.L. (2008) Pragas. In: Dinardo-Miranda, L.L., et al., Eds., Cana-de-acúcar, Instituto Agronomico, Campinas, 349-404. (In Portuguese)

[6]   Dinardo-Miranda, L.L., et al. (2011) Variabilidade espacial de populacoes de Diatraea saccharalis em canaviais e sugestao de método de amostragem. Bragantia, 70. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[7]   Botelho, P.S.M. and Macedo, N. (2002) Cotesia flavipes para o controle de Diatraea saccharalis. In: Parra, J.R.P., et al., Eds., Controle biológico no Brasil: Parasitóides e predadores, Manole, Sao Paulo, 409-425. (In Portuguese)

[8]   Melo, A.B.P. and Parra, J.R.P. (1988) Exigências térmicas e estimativas do número de geracoes anuais de broca da cana-de-acúcar em quatro localidades canavieiras de Sao Paulo. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 23, 691-695. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[9]   Beuzelin, J.M., Reagan, T.E., Akbar, W., Cormier, H.J., Flanagan J.W. and Blouin, D.C. (2009) Impact of Hurricane Rita Storm Surge on Sugarcane Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Management in Louisiana. Journal of Economic Entomology, 102, 1054-1061.

[10]   White, W.H. and Hensley, S.D. (1987) Techniques to Quantify the Effect of Diatraea saccharalis (Lepidoptera: Yralidae) on Sugarcane Quality. Field Crops Research, 15, 341-348.

[11]   Storer, N.P., Van Duyn, J.W. and Kennedy, G.G. (2001) Life History Traits of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Non-Bt and Bt Transgenic Corn Hybrids in Eastern North Carolina. Journal of Economic Entomology, 94, 1268-1279.

[12]   Horner, T.A., Dively, G.P. and Herbert, D.A. (2003) Development, Survival and Fitness Performance of Helicoverpa zea (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) in MON810 Bt Field Corn. Journal of Economic Entomology, 96, 914-924.

[13]   Huang, F., Leonard, B.R. and Gable, R.H. (2006) Comparative Susceptibility of European Corn Borer, Southwestern Corn Borer, and Sugarcane Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) to Cry1Ab Protein in a Commercial Bacillus thuringiensis Corn Hybrid. Journal of Economic Entomology, 99, 194-202.[0194:CSOECB]2.0.CO;2

[14]   Mahadevan, N.R. and Chelliah, S. (2013) Influence of Intercropping Legumes with Sorghum on the Infestation of Stem Borer, Chilo partellus (Swinhoe) in Tamil Nadu, India. Tropical Pest Management, 32, 162-163.

[15]   Ambrosano, E.J., Cantarella, H., Ambrosano, G.M.B., Schammas, E.A., Dias, F.L.F., Rossi, F., et al. (2011) Produtividade da cana-de-acúcar após o cultivo de leguminosas. Bragantia, 70, 810-818.

[16]   Ambrosano, E.J., Trivelin, P.C.O., Cantarella, H., Ambrosano, G.M.B., Schammass, E.A., Muraoka, T. and Rossi, F. (2011) 15N-Labeled Nitrogen from Green Manure and Ammonium Sulfate Utilization by the Sugarcane Ratoon. Scientia Agricola, 68, 361-368.

[17]   Gallo, D., et al. (2002) Entomologia agrícola. Ceres, Sao Paulo. (In Portuguese)

[18]   Tanimoto, T. (1964) The Press Method of Cane Analysis. Hawaiian Planter’s Record, 57, 133-150.

[19]   Ambrosano, E.J., Cantarella, H., Ambrosano, G.M.B., Schammass, E.A., Dias, F.L.F., Rossi, F., Trivelin, P.C.O., Muraoka, T., Sachs, R.C.C., Azcón, R.A. and Teramoto, J.R.S. (2013) Crop Rotation Biomass and Effects on Sugarcane Yield in Brazil. InTech Open Minds, 2, 1-40.

[20]   White, W.H. (1993) Cluster Analysis for Assessing Sugarcane Borer Resistance in Sugarcane Line Trials. Field Crops Research, 33, 159-168.

[21]   Pannuti, L.E.R., Baldin, E.L.L., Gava, G.J.C., Kolln, O.T. and Cruz, J.C.S. (2013) Danos do complexo broca-podridao à produtividade e à qualidadeda cana-de-acúcar fertirrigada com doses de nitrogênio. Pesquisa agropecuária brasileira. Brasília, 48, 381-387. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[22]   Téran, F.O. (1978) Dinamica populacional de adultos de Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) em canaviais do estado de Sao Paulo. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 8, 3-17. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[23]   Macedo, N. and Botelho, P.S.M. (1988) Controle integrado da broca da cana-de-acúcar Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius, 1794) (Lepidoptera, Pyralidae). Brasil Acucareiro, 162, 2-11. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[24]   Botelho, P.S.M., et al. (1993) Flutuacao populacional de machos de Diatraea saccharalis (Fabricius.) através de armadilhas de feromonios. Anais da Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil, 22, 293-297. (In Portuguese, with Abstract in English)

[25]   White, W.H., Viator, R.P., Dufrene, E.O., Dalley, C.D., Richard, E.P. and Tew, T.L. (2008) Re-Evaluation of Sugarcane Borer (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) Bioeconomics in Louisiana. Crop Protection, 27, 1256-1261.

[26]   ORPLANA (2010)