JBNB  Vol.6 No.1 , January 2015
The Synergistic Antibacterial Performance of a Cu/WO3-Added PTFE Particulate Superhydrophobic Composite Material
ABSTRACT
The synergistic antibacterial performance against Escherichia coli (E. coli), Staphylococcus aureus and methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) of a Cu/WO3-added PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) particulate composite was reported in the previous paper. The origin of the synergistic antibacterial performance investigated by evaluating the photocatalytic decomposition of the Cu/WO3-added PTFE particulate composite material is reported in the present paper. Addition of Cu/WO3, visible-light-sensitive photocatalyst, to the PTFE particle dispersed superhydrophobic composite does not deteriorate the superhydrophobic property of the composite. Furthermore the existence of the polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) particles dispersed in the composite enhances the antibacterial property caused by the Cu/WO3. The authors call this “The synergistic effect”. In this study, a novel synergistic property of the Cu/WO3-added PTFE particulate composite was investigated by evaluating the degradation of gaseous acetaldehyde on the composite surface using visible light (10,000 lx) and UV-A (1 mW·cm-1) illumination. The 12 wt% Cu/WO3-8 wt% binder-80 wt% PTFE composite shows the synergistic visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic property. But 12 wt% Cu/WO3-44 wt% PTFE-44 wt% binder composite no longer shows the synergistic property of visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic property. The synergetic performance of visible-light-sensitive photocatalytic property appears only when PTFE concentration is larger than the critical point over which superhydrophobic property appears in accordance with the particulate composite model derived by the one of the authors. The hydrophobic surface leads to the low surface free energy derived by the revised Fowkes’s theory, which makes it difficult for bacteria to stick to the hydrophobic surface of the composite. Even if bacteria stick to the surface, they are decomposed by the visible-light-sensitive photocatalyst. This is the reason why the synergistic antibacterial performance against bacteria appears.

Cite this paper
Yamauchi, K. , Ochiai, T. , Yamauchi, G. (2015) The Synergistic Antibacterial Performance of a Cu/WO3-Added PTFE Particulate Superhydrophobic Composite Material. Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, 6, 1-7. doi: 10.4236/jbnb.2015.61001.
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