Subhashini, R., Balaji, B., Murthy, B.B., et al. (2009) Minimization of Hot Air Re-Circulation in Engine Cooling System. SAE Technical Paper, 2009-01-115.
 Moffat, J. (2002) Coupling of 1-D and 3-D CFD Models to Predict Transient Hydraulics in an Engine Cooling Circuit. SAE Technical Paper, 2002-01-1285.
 Takeuchi, T., Kakishita, N. and Kohri, I. (2002) The Prediction of Refrigeration Cycle Performance with Front End Air Flow CFD Analysis of an Automotive Air Conditioner. SAE Technical Paper, 2002-01-0512.
 Jerhamre, A. and Jonson, A. (2004) Development and Validation of Coolant Temperature and Cooling Air Flow CFD Simulations at Volvo Cars. SAE Technical Paper, 2004-01-0051.
 Williams, J., Karanth, D. and Oler, W. (2002) Cooling Inlet Aerodynamic Performance and System Resistance. SAE Technical Paper, 2002-01-0256.
 Knaus, H., Ottosson, C., Brotz, F., et al. (2005) Cooling Module Performance Investigation by Means of Underhood Simulation. SAE Technical Paper, 2005-01-2013.
 Alajbegovic, A., Sengupta, R. and Jansen, W. (2006) Cooling Airflow Simulation for Passenger Cars Using Detailed Underhood Geometry. SAE Technical Paper, 2006-01-3478.