OJAppS  Vol.4 No.14 , December 2014
Latent Variable Modeling Approach for Assessing Social Impacts of Mine Closure
Abstract: Mining stimulates environmental and economic impacts on the neighboring community right from the inception to the closure of its operations. The society in the neighborhood of mining gradually adopts a characteristic life-style that is highly influenced by the mining. In order to sustain the societal development beyond the mine closure, it is necessary to plan post mining activities in the area. Thus, it is essential to predict the impacts of mine closure well before the closure. Many societal and family attributes are affected by mine closure. Impact on these attributes is reflected on the overall quality of life of the neighboring community. There are no adequate indicators and/or methodology available to measure social impacts of mine closure on a neighboring community. This paper made an attempt to develop such methodology to predict the degree of adverse effects of mine closure on the quality of life of neighboring communities using the Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) and the Latent Variables Interaction Model (LVM).
Cite this paper: Pillalamarry, M. and Pathak, K. (2014) Latent Variable Modeling Approach for Assessing Social Impacts of Mine Closure. Open Journal of Applied Sciences, 4, 573-587. doi: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.414057.

[1]   Sarkar, S.K. and Sarkar, S. (1996) State of Environmental and Development in Indian Coal Fields: Coal Fields in West Bengal. Oxford & IBH Publishing, New Delhi.

[2]   Andrews-Speed, P., Guo, M., Bingjia, S. and Chenglin, L. (2005) Economic Responses to the Closure of Small-Scale Coal Mines in Chongqing, China. Resources Policy, 30, 39-54.

[3]   Kahn, J.R., Franceschi, D., Curi, A. and Vale, E. (2001) Economic and Financial Aspects of Mine Closure. Natural Resources Forum, 25, 265-274.

[4]   Redgwell, C. (1992) Abandonment and Reclamation Obligations in the United Kingdom. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law, 10, 59-86.

[5]   Kuhne, G. (1992) Abandonment and Reclamation of Energy Sites and Facilities: Germany. Journal of Energy and Natural Resources Law, 10, 4-20.

[6]   Brook, D. (1994) Reclamation of Abandoned Underground Mines in the United States. Mineral Planning, 61, 21-26.

[7]   Meyer, P.B., Williams, R.H. and Young, K.R. (1995) Contaminated Land—Reclamation, Redevelopment and Reuse in the United States and the European Union. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

[8]   Finsterbusch, K. (1980) Understanding Social Impacts. Saga Publication, California.

[9]   Michael, H. and Maria, S. (2003) Mine Closure and Its Impact on the Community: Five Years after Mine Closure in Romania, Russia and Ukraine. World Bank Policy Research Working Paper Series, 3083.

[10]   Chattopadhyay, S.S. (2001) Theratholes of Raniganj. Frontline Magazine, Vol. 18.

[11]   Berkman, L.F. and Breslow, L. (1983) Health and Ways of Living: The Alameda Country Study. Oxford University Press, New York.

[12]   Raphael, D., Renwick, R., Brown, I. and Rootman, I. (1996) Quality of Life Indicators and Health: Current Status and Emerging Conceptions. Social Indicators Research, 39, 65-88.

[13]   Smith, A.E. (2000) Quality of Life: A Review. Education and Aging, 15, 419-435.

[14]   Derrett, S., Paul, C. and Morris, J. (1999) Waiting for Elective Surgery: Effects on Health-Related Quality of Life. International Journal for Quality in Health Care, 11, 47-57.

[15]   Gill, T. and Feinstein, A.A. (1994) Critical Appraisal of the Quality-of-Life Measurements. Journal of American Medical Association, 272, 619-626.

[16]   Fabian, E.S. (1990) Quality of Life: A Review of Theory and Practice Implications for Individuals with Long-Term Mental Illness. Rehabilitation Psychology, 35, 161-169.

[17]   Packer, T., Race, K.E.H. and Hotch, D.F. (1994) Focus Groups: A Tool for Consumer-Based Program Evaluation in Rehabilitation Agency Settings. Journal of Rehabilitation, 60, 30-33.

[18]   Jones, J., Dagnan, D., Trower, P. and Ruddick, L. (1996) People with Learning Disabilities Living in Community-Based Homes: The Relationship of Quality of Life with Age and Disability. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research, 19, 219-227.

[19]   Linda, S. and Robert, G. (2005) Sustainable Transportation and Quality of Life. Journal of Transport Geography, 13, 59-69.

[20]   Michael, K., Monika, K.S. and Wilfried, L. (2005) Outcome and Quality of Life in Medicine: A Conceptual Framework to Put Quality of Life Research into Practice. Urologic Oncology Seminars and Original Investigations, 23, 186- 192.

[21]   Tankova, T., Galina, D. and Dragomir, K. (2005) Education and Quality of Life in Diabetic Patients. Patient Education and Counseling, 53, 285-290.

[22]   Robert, W.M. (2003) Understanding Environmental Quality through Quality of Life Studies: The 2001 DAS and Its Use of Subjective and Objective Indicators. Landscape and Urban Planning, 65, 73-83.

[23]   Felce, D. (1997) Defining and Applying the Concept of Quality of Life. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 41, 126-135.

[24]   Hanestad, B. (1990) Errors of Measurement Affecting the Reliability and Validity of Data Acquired from Self-Assessed Quality of Life. Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, 30, 1349-1359.

[25]   John, M. and Catherine, E.R. (2005) Education, Learned Effectiveness and Health. London Review of Education, 3, 205-220.

[26]   Azapagic, A. (2004) Developing a Framework for Sustainable Development Indicators for the Mining and Minerals Industry. Journal of Cleaner Production, 12, 639-662.

[27]   Scott, P. (2005) Mining and Poverty Reduction: Transforming Rhetoric into Reality. Journal of Cleaner Production, 14, 376-387.

[28]   Figueroa, B.E. and Calfucura, T.E. (2003) Growth and Green Income: Evidence from Mining in Chile. Resources Policy, 29, 165-173.

[29]   Patricio, A. (2001) Impacts and Development in Local Economies Based on Mining: The Case of the Chilean II Region. Resources Policy, 27, 119-134.

[30]   Benjamin, N.A. (2001) Ghana’s Mining Sector: Its Contribution to the National Economy. Resources Policy, 27, 61-75.

[31]   George, S.D. and Weitz, B.A. (1997) Comparative Urban Social Indicators: Problem and Prospects. Policy Sciences, 8, 423-435.

[32]   Mirinigoff, M.L. (1996) The Growing Gap between Standard Economic Indicators and the Nation’s Social Health. Challenge, 39, 17-22.

[33]   Pacione, M. (1982) The Use of Objective and Subjective Measures of Quality of Life in Human Geography. Progress in Human Geography, 6, 495-514.

[34]   Rogerson, R.J., Findlay, A.M., Morris, A.S. and Coombes, M.G. (1989) Indicators of Quality of Life: Some Methodological Issues. Environment and Planning, 21, 1655-1666.

[35]   Abrams, M. (1977) Social Indicators and Social Equity. New Society, 22, 454-455.

[36]   Felce, D. and Perry, J. (1995) Quality of Life: Its Definition and Measurement. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 16, 51-74.

[37]   Cummins, R.A. (2000) Personal Income and Subjective Wellbeing: A Review. Journal of Happiness Studies, 1, 133- 158.

[38]   Beckie, T.M. and Hayduk, L.A. (1977) Measuring Quality of Life. Social Indicators Research, 42, 21-39.

[39]   Fakhoury, W.K.H. and Priebe, S. (2002) Subjective Quality of Life: It’s Association with Other Constructs. International Review of Psychiatry, 14, 219-224.

[40]   Lee, E. (2002) Estimation of Quality of Life Korean Cities. Proceedings of the 6th Russian-Korean International Symposium on Science and Technology (KORUS), Novosibirsk, 24-30 June 2002, 93-95.

[41]   Singh, P. and Chand, R. (2000) Quality of Life Approach for Identification of Poor. Journal of Rural Development, 19, 27-68.

[42]   Linga, N. and Subramanya, N. (2005) Assessing Quality of Life in a Mining Region. Economic Political Weekly, 72- 78.

[43]   Poston, D., Turnbull, A., Park, J., Hasheem, M., Jane, M. and Wang, M. (2003) Family Quality of Life: A Qualitative Inquiry. Mental Retardation, 41, 313-328.<313:FQOLAQ>2.0.CO;2

[44]   Ontario Social Development Council (1997) Quality of Life in Ontario. Ontario Social Development Council, Ontario.

[45]   Joreskog, K.G. (2000) Latent Variable Scores and Their Uses. Scientific Software International, Inc., Lincolnwood.

[46]   Schumacker, R.E. (2002) Latent Variable Interaction Modeling. Structural Equation Modeling, 9, 40-54.

[47]   Bollen, K.A. and Long, J.S., Eds. (1993) Testing Structural Equation Models. SAGE Publications, London.

[48]   Bagozzi, R.P. and Youjae, Y. (1988) On the Evaluation of Structural Equation Models. Journal of the Academy of Marketing Science, 16, 74-94.

[49]   Smith, J.P. (1999) Health Bodies and Thick Wallets: The Dual Relation between Health and Economic Status. Journal of Economic Perspectives, 13, 145-166.

[50]   Ettner, S. (1996) New Evidence on the Relationship between SES and Health. Journal of Health Economics, 15, 67-85.