WJA  Vol.4 No.4 , December 2014
Knowledge Level about HIV/AIDS among the Villagers of Comilla District, Bangladesh
Abstract: The HIV/AIDS epidemic has grown on an unprecedented scale since it was first recognized, and presently it is considered as a well known global public health crisis. In making the health policy where millions of populations are at risk, it is necessary to understand the knowledge level about HIV/AIDS. So, this study aimed at to investigate the knowledge level about HIV/AIDS among the villagers. Data and necessary information were collected from one hundred villagers of Salmanpur from Comilla district, Bangladesh through a structured questionnaire. The collected data were used for univariate analysis, to carry out the description of the variables; and to justify the total score of knowledge about HIV/AIDS among the respondents, Cronbach’s alpha (α) was calculated. The results revealed that almost all the respondents (92.00%) were ever heard about HIV/AIDS and half of them (51.00%) were known it as a communicable disease. Majority of the respondents (62.00%) believed that it is caused by heterosexual relation as well as sex with HIV positive persons. However, a good number of respondents were found unaware about the major causes and preventive ways of AIDS. Less than half of the respondents (45.00%) had medium knowledge (α = 0.34 - 0.66) and only 36.00% had the enough knowledge about HIV/AIDS. The knowledge level is increasing with the increase of education level, and the respondents who involved in agricultural works are found the lowest knowledge level (47.00%) about HIV/AIDS. The villagers were known about HIV/AIDS but they do not have accurate information about the ways in which AIDS virus can or cannot be transmitted. Therefore, effective programs should be taken to increase the knowledge level about HIV/AIDS among the villagers in Bangladesh.
Cite this paper: Rahman, M. , Khan, M. , Mondal, M. , Alam, M. , Ahmed, K. and Islam, M. (2014) Knowledge Level about HIV/AIDS among the Villagers of Comilla District, Bangladesh. World Journal of AIDS, 4, 438-445. doi: 10.4236/wja.2014.44052.

[1]   UNAIDS (2011) Core Slides: Global Summary of the AIDS Epidemic. Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva.

[2]   CDC (2001) Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

[3]   UNAIDS (2010) UNAIDS Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic. Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva.

[4]   Huq, N.L. and Chowdhury, M.E. (2012) Assessment of Utilization of HIV Interventions by Sex Workers in Selected Brothels in Bangladesh. An Exploratory Study. The Qualitative Report, 17, 1-18.

[5]   Ramjee, G. and Gouws, A.E.E. (2002) Prevalence of HIV among Trucks Drivers Visiting Sex Workers in KwaZula Natal, South Africa. Sexually Transmitted Diseases, 29, 44-49.

[6]   Islam, M.M. and Conigrave, K.M. (2008) HIV and Sexual Risk Behaviors among Recognized High-Risk Groups in Bangladesh: Need for a Comprehensive Prevention Program. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 12, 363-370.

[7]   Mondal, M.N.I. and Shitan, M. (2014) Relative Importance of Factors on Life Expectancy in the Low and Lower Middle Income Countries. Journal of Epidemiology, 24, 117-124.

[8]   UNAIDS (2013) Global Report, UNAIDS-Report on the Global AIDS Epidemic 2013. Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva.

[9]   Mondal, M.N.I. and Shitan, M. (2013) Factors Affecting the HIV/AIDS Epidemic: An Ecological Analysis of Global Data. African Health Sciences, 13, 294-303.

[10]   WHO (2013) World Health Statistics 2013. World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva.

[11]   UNAIDS (2014) Global AIDS Response Progress Reporting 2014. Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), Geneva.

[12]   WHO (2011) HIV/AIDS in the South-East Asia Region: Progress Report 2011. World Health Organization, Geneva.

[13]   WHO (2011) Regional Health Sector Strategy on HIV, 2011-2015. World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi.

[14]   MOHWF (2012) National HIV Serological Surveillance, 2011; Bangladesh. National AIDS/STD Program. Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHWF), Directorate General of Health Services, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Bangladesh.

[15]   Mondal, M.N.I., Hiroshi, T., Yasush, O., Tamie, S. and Nobuhiko, O. (2009) HIV Acquisition and Transmission in Bangladesh: Turning to the Concentrated Epidemic. Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases, 62, 111-119.

[16]   MOHWF (2010) National AIDS/STD Program (NASP). Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MOHWF), Directorate General of Health Services, Bangladesh.

[17]   Mondal, M.N.I. and Shitan, M. (2014) Birth Process Modeling of HIV Infections for Three Main Cities of Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Statistics, 30, 487-498.

[18]   Hasan, A.T.M.H., Hasan, R., Khan, Z.R., Nuzhat, E. and Arefin, U. (2013) Influence of Socio-Demographic Factors on Awareness of HIV/AIDS among Bangladeshi Garment Workers. SpringerPlus, 2, 174.

[19]   Mondal, M.N.I., Islam, M.R., Rahman, M.O., Rahman, M.S. and Hoque, N. (2012) Determinants of HIV/AIDS Awareness among Garments Workers in Dhaka City, Bangladesh. World Journal of AIDS, 2, 312-318.

[20]   Mondal, M.N.I., Khan, M.A.R., Islam, M.R. and Mamun, A.A. (2005) Commercial Sex Workers in Brothels Are Hallmark of HIV Epidemic in Bangladesh. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences, 3, 1152-1158.

[21]   Mondal, M.N.I., Hossain, M.M. and Rahman, M.M. (2008) Knowledge and Awareness about HIVAIDS among Garments Workers in Gazipur District, Bangladesh. The Social Sciences, 3, 528-530.

[22]   Islam, M.M., Conigrave, K.M., Miah, M.S. and Kalam, K.A. (2010) HIV Awareness of Outgoing Female Migrant Workers of Bangladesh: A Pilot Study. Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health, 12, 940-946.

[23]   Sarkar, P., Mostofa, G. and Rahman, M. (2013) Knowledge of Fearfulness of HIV/AIDS between Floating and Frequently Moving Population of Three Metropolitan Cities in Bangladesh. Journal of Infectious Diseases and Immunity, 5, 1-9.

[24]   Goni, A. and Rahman, M. (2012) Knowledge and Awareness on HIV/AIDS among Blood Donors: A Study at Rajshahi, Bangladesh. Journal of Public Health and Epidemiology, 4, 70-77.

[25]   Mondal, M.N.I., Rahman, M.M., Rahman, O.R. and Akther, M.N. (2012) Level of Awareness about HIV/AIDS among Ever Married Women in Bangladesh. Food and Public Health, 2, 73-78.

[26]   Lal, P., Nath, A., Badhan, S. and Gopal, K. (2008) A Study of Awareness about HIV/AIDS among Senior Secondary School Children of Delhi. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, 33, 190-192.

[27]   Azim, T., Khan, S.I., Haseen, F., Huq, N.L., Hanning, L., Pervez M.M., Chowdhury, M.E. and Sarafian, L. (2008) HIV and AIDS in Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, 26, 311-324.

[28]   Chaudhury, M.A., Naeem, M., Iqbal, R. and Shabbir, I. (2005) Level of Awareness about HIV/AIDS among Trucks Drivers and Their Attitude towards Persons with AIDS. Global Journal of Medical Science, 3, 18-23.

[29]   Khan, M.A., (2002) Knowledge on AIDS among Female Adolescents in Bangladesh, Evidence from the Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey Data. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, 20, 130-137.

[30]   Rahman, M.M., Kabir, M. and Shahidullah, M. (2009) Adolescent Knowledge and Awareness about AIDS/HIV and Factors Affecting Them in Bangladesh. Journal of Ayub Medical College Abbottabad, 21, 3-6.

[31]   Sarma, H. and Oliveras, E. (2013) Implementing HIV/AIDS Education: Impact of Teachers Training on HIV/AIDS Education in Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition, 31, 20-27.