IJCCE  Vol.4 No.1 , February 2015
Microstructural Degradation of Thermal Barrier Coatings on an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Simulated Film-Cooled Turbine Vane Pressure Surface Due to Particulate Fly Ash Deposition
ABSTRACT
Research is being conducted to study the degradation of thermal barrier coatings (TBC) employed on IGCC turbine hot section airfoils due to particulate deposition from contaminants in coal syn-thesis gas (syngas). West Virginia University (WVU) had been working with US Department of Energy, National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL) to simulate deposition on the pressure side of an IGCC turbine first stage vane. To simulate the contaminant deposition, several TBC coated, angled film-cooled test articles were subjected to accelerated coal fly ash, which was injected into the flow of a combustor facility with a high pressure (approximately 4 atm) and a high temperature (1560 K) environment. To investigate the degradation of the TBCs due to particulate deposition, non-destructive tests were performed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) evaluation and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDS) examinations. The SEM evaluation was used to display the microstructure change within the layers of the TBC system directly related to the fly ash deposition. The SEM micrographs showed that deposition-TBC interaction made the YSZ coating more susceptible to delamination and promoted a dissolution-reprecipitation mechanism that changed the YSZ morphology and composition. The EDS examination provided elemental maps of the shallow infiltration depth of the fly ash and chemical composition spectrum results which showed yttria migration from the YSZ into the deposition.

Cite this paper
Luo, K. , Nix, A. and Sabolsky, E. (2015) Microstructural Degradation of Thermal Barrier Coatings on an Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) Simulated Film-Cooled Turbine Vane Pressure Surface Due to Particulate Fly Ash Deposition. International Journal of Clean Coal and Energy, 4, 1-10. doi: 10.4236/ijcce.2015.41001.
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