IJG  Vol.5 No.13 , December 2014
Sea State Primitive Object Creation from SAR Data
ABSTRACT
Wide swath Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images acquired over sea areas contain a variety of information regarding small scale and mesoscale phenomena in the ocean and marine boundary layer e.g. spills, slicks, surface or internal waves, eddies, oceanic fronts. One of most challenging processing step is to create image objects describing these phenomena on SAR images. The most significant problem in the wide swath images is the backscattering trend at the range direction, which results a progressive brightness reduction over images from near to far range. This reduction affects the detection and classification of sea surface features on wide swath SAR images and a normalization step is needed in a certain incidence angle for compensating the brightness reduction. The aim of the present paper is to investigate the result of image normalization to a set of Wide Swath Mode SAR images. Dark areas were initially detected in SAR images using thresholds, adapted or not. Afterwards, SAR images were normalized and a global threshold was calculated for each image. Images were segmented and objects were created for each dark area. The results were compared to a reference dataset created from theoretical modeled values and extracted in a GIS environment. Results clearly indicate that overall accuracy of the detected dark areas has been increased after normalization. On the contrary, local thresholds were insufficient in producing acceptable results. The proposed normalization can be used as a pre-processing step in image classification.

Cite this paper
Topouzelis, K. and Kitsiou, D. (2014) Sea State Primitive Object Creation from SAR Data. International Journal of Geosciences, 5, 1561-1570. doi: 10.4236/ijg.2014.513127.
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