AMPC  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2014
Structural, Microstructral, Mechanical and Magnetic Characterization of Ball Milled Tungsten Heavy Alloys
ABSTRACT
A homemade ball mill was constructed and optimized in order to prepare nano crystallite size of tungsten heavy alloys, with composition of 90W-7Ni-3Fe and 90W-7Ni-3Co in wt%. The samples were mechanically alloyed under high purity of argon atmosphere and were sintered under high vacuumat 1200°C, 1300°C and 1400°C. X-ray diffraction (XRD), Transmission Electron Microscope (TEM), Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray (EDX), Vickers, ultrasonic techniques and SQUID magnetometer were all used to characterize the studied samples. The sintering temperature and the milling time at which the heavy tungsten alloys were obtained, are discussed in details. The results showed that the tungsten heavy alloys were synthesized and sintered at lower temperature than those prepared by the conventional techniques. Moreover, the strains and relative densities increased with milling time up to 100 hrs; then decreased with further milling. On the other hand, the elastic moduli and hardness increased with milling time up to 200 hrs; then decreased with further milling. The hardness calculated from ultrasonic and measured from Vickers exhibited a similar trend though with different values. The saturated magnetization decreased by increasing the milling time and decreasing the crystallite size.

Cite this paper
Elshimy, H. , Heiba, Z. and El-Sayed, K. (2014) Structural, Microstructral, Mechanical and Magnetic Characterization of Ball Milled Tungsten Heavy Alloys. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 4, 237-257. doi: 10.4236/ampc.2014.412027.
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