OJSS  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2014
Effect of Petroleum Products on Soil Catalase and Dehydrogenase Activities
ABSTRACT
The effect of refined petroleum products on the activities of selected enzymes (catalase and dehydrogenase) was studied. There was a significant decrease (p < 0.01) in catalase activity. Catalase activity was higher in diesel and engine-oil treated soil after twelve days relative to petrol and kerosene. These observations indicate that the enzyme activity is the order of petrol > kerosene > diesel > engine oil. However, a significant increase (p < 0.01) was observed in dehydrogenase activity after twelve days relative to control values. Although, the refined petroleum products caused a similar pattern in the alteration of soil dehydrogenase activity, as they affected catalase activities, the general results indicate that the toxic effect is in the order of kerosene > diesel > petrol > engine oil. On the whole the results reveal that refined petroleum products alter soil biochemistry.

Cite this paper
Achuba, F. and Okoh, P. (2014) Effect of Petroleum Products on Soil Catalase and Dehydrogenase Activities. Open Journal of Soil Science, 4, 399-406. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2014.412040.
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