Back
 OJSS  Vol.4 No.12 , December 2014
Effect of Petroleum Products on Soil Catalase and Dehydrogenase Activities
Abstract: The effect of refined petroleum products on the activities of selected enzymes (catalase and dehydrogenase) was studied. There was a significant decrease (p < 0.01) in catalase activity. Catalase activity was higher in diesel and engine-oil treated soil after twelve days relative to petrol and kerosene. These observations indicate that the enzyme activity is the order of petrol > kerosene > diesel > engine oil. However, a significant increase (p < 0.01) was observed in dehydrogenase activity after twelve days relative to control values. Although, the refined petroleum products caused a similar pattern in the alteration of soil dehydrogenase activity, as they affected catalase activities, the general results indicate that the toxic effect is in the order of kerosene > diesel > petrol > engine oil. On the whole the results reveal that refined petroleum products alter soil biochemistry.
Cite this paper: Achuba, F. and Okoh, P. (2014) Effect of Petroleum Products on Soil Catalase and Dehydrogenase Activities. Open Journal of Soil Science, 4, 399-406. doi: 10.4236/ojss.2014.412040.
References

[1]   Kenny, J., Kutcherov, V., Bendeliani, N. and Alekseev, V. (2002) The Evolution of Multi-Component System of High Pressures: VI. The Thermodynamic Stability of the Hydrogen Carbon System: The Genesis of Hydrocarbon and the Origin of Petroleum. Proceeding of the National Academic of Sciences USA, 99, 10976-10981.

[2]   Achi, C. (2003) Hydrocarbon Exploration, Environmental Degradation and Poverty. The Nigeria Delta Experience. Diffuse Pollution Conference, Dublin.

[3]   Tolulope, A.O. (2004) Oil Exploration and Environmental Degradation. The Nigerian Experience. Environmental Informatics Archives, 2, 387-393.

[4]   Michalcewicz, W. (1995) Wply is oleju napadewo-godo silnikow Dielsa m liczbnosc batkeri gryzbow promiienowciow oraz biomase mikoorg-anizmow glebowych. Rocz. Panstw. Zakl. Hig., 46, 91-97.

[5]   Song, H. and Bartha, R. (1990) Effects of Jet Fuel Spills in the Microbisl Community of Soil. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 56, 646-651.

[6]   Jorgensen, K.S., Purstinen, J. and Sourti, A.M. (2000) Bioremediation of Petroleum Hydrocarbon-Contaminated by Compositing in Biophiles. Environmental Pollution, 107, 245-254.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0269-7491(99)00144-X

[7]   Odjegba, V.J. and Sadiq, A.O. (2002) Effect of Spent Engine Oil on the Growth Parameters, Chlorophyll and Protein Levels of Amaranthus hybridus L. The Environmentalist, 22, 23-28.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1023/A:1014515924037

[8]   Adriano, O.C., Chopecka, A. and Kaplan, K.I. (1998) Role of Soil Chemistry in Soil Remediation and Ecosystem Conservation. Soil Science Society of America, Special Publication, Madison, 361-386.

[9]   Osuji, L.C., Adesiyan, S.O. and Obute, G.C. (2004) Post Impact Assessment of Oil Pollution in the Agtada West Plain of Niger Delta Nigeria: Field Reconnaissance and Total Extractable Hydrocarbon Contact. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 1, 1569-1577.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200490117

[10]   Osuji, L.C., Inioborg, O.I. and Ojinnata, C.M. (2006) Preliminary Investigation of Mgbede-20 Oil Polluted Site in Niger Delta Nigeria. Chemistry & Biodiversity, 3, 568-577.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/cbdv.200690060

[11]   Osuji, L.C. and Nwoye, L. (2007) An Appraisal of the Impact of Petroleum Hydrocarbons on Soil Fertility; the Owaza Expectation. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 2, 318-324.

[12]   Wyszkowska, J., Kuncharki, J., Jastrazabska, E. and Hlasko, A. (2001) The Biological Properties of the Soil as Influenced by Chromium Contamination. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 10, 37-42.

[13]   Egborge, A.B.M. (1994) Water Pollution in Nigeria: Bio-Diversity and Chemistry of Warri River. Ben Miller Publication, Warri.

[14]   Sztompka, E. (1999) Biodegradation of Engine Oil in Soil. Acta Microbiologica Polonica, 489, 185-196.

[15]   Atuanya, E.I. (1987) Effects of Waste Engine Oil Pollution on Physical and Chemical Properties of the Soil. Nigerian Journal of Applied Science, 55, 155-176.

[16]   Amadi, A., Abbey, S.D. and Nma, A. (1996) Chronic Effect of Oil Spill on Soil Properties and Michroflora of Rainforest Ecosystem in Nigeria. Water, Air, and Soil Pollution, 86, 1-11.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00279142

[17]   Zahir, A.Z., Malik, M.A.R. and Arshad, M. (2001) Soil Enzymes Research: A Review. Journal of Biological Sciences, 1, 299-301.
http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2001.299.307

[18]   Li, H., Zhang, Y., Zhang, C.G. and Chen, G.X. (2005) Effect of Petroleum-Containing Wastewater Irrigation on Bacterial Diversities and Enzymatic Activities in a Paddy Soil Irrigation Area. Journal of Environmental Quality, 34, 1073-1080.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq2004.0438

[19]   Achuba, F.I. and Peretiemo Clarke, B.O. (2008) Effect of Spent Engine Oil on Soil Catalase and Dehydrogenase Activities. International Agrophysics, 22, 1-4.

[20]   Wyszkowska, J., Kuncharski, J. and Waldowska, E. (2002) The Influence of Diesel Oil Contamination on Soil Microorganism and Oat Growth. Rostlinna Vyroba, 48, 58-62.

[21]   Wyszkowska, J. and Kuchaarski, J. (2000) Biochemical Properties of Soil Contaminated by Petrol. Polish Journal of Environmental Studies, 9, 479-485.

[22]   Naplekova, N.N. and Bulavko, G.I. (1983) Enzyme Activity of Soils Polluted by Lead Compounds. Soviet Soil Science, 15, 33-38.

[23]   Perez, M.M. and Gonzalez, C.S. (1987) Effect of Cadmium and Lead on Soil Enzyme Activity. Review of Ecology and Biology Solutions, 1, 11-18.

[24]   Wilkes, B.M. (1991) Effects of Single and Successive Addition of Cd., Ni and Zn on Carbon Dioxide Evolution and Dehydrogenase Activity in Sandy Soil. Biology and Fertility of Soils, 11, 34-37.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00335831

[25]   Rogers, J.C. and Li, S. (1985) Effect of Metals and Other Inorganic Ions on Soil Microbial Activity. Soil Dehydrogenase Assay as a Simple Toxicity Test. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 34, 858-865.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01609817

[26]   Rani, P., Meena Unni, K. and Karthikeyan, J. (2004) Evaluation of Antioxidant Properties of Berries. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry, 19, 103-110.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF02894266

[27]   Tabatabai, M.A. (1982) Soil Enzymes, Dehydrogenases. In: Miller, R.H. and Keeney, D.R., Eds., Methods of Soil Analysis. Part 2. Chemical and Microbiolgical Properties, Agronomy Monograph, No. 9, ASA and SSSA, Madison.

[28]   Dushoff, I.M., Payne, J., Hershey, F.B. and Donaldson, R.C. (1965) Oxygen Uptake Tetrazolium Reduction during Skin Cycle of Mouse. American Journal of Physiology, 209, 231-235.

[29]   Maila, M.P. and Cloete, T.E. (2005) The Use of Biological Activities to Monitor the Removal of Fuel Contaminants —Perspectives to Monitoring Hydrocarbon Contamination: A Review. International Biodeterioration & Biodegradation, 55, 1-8.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ibiod.2004.10.003

[30]   Frankenberger, W.T. and Johansson, J.B. (1982) Influence of Crude Oil and Refined Petroleum Products on Soil Dehydrogenase Activity. Journal of Environmental Quality, 11, 602-235.
http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/jeq1982.00472425001100040010x

[31]   Van der Waarde, J.J., Dijkhuis, E.J., Henssen, M.J.C. and Keuing, S. (1995) Enzyme Assays as Indicators for Bioremediation. In: Hinchee, R.E., Douglas, G.S. and Ong, S.K., Eds., Monitoring and Verification of Bioremediation, Batelle Press, Columbus, 59-63.

[32]   Schinner, F., Ohlinger, R. and Margesin, R. (1996) Methods in Soil Biology. Springer Press, Berlin.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-60966-4

[33]   Janke, S., Schamber, H. and Kunze, C. (1992) Beeinflussung der Biodenbiologischen Aktivat durch Heizol. Angewandte Botanik, 66, 42-45.

[34]   Margesin, R. and Schinner, F. (1997) Bioremediation of Diesel-Oil Contaminated Alpine Soil at Low Temperatures. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 47, 462-468.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s002530050957

[35]   Wemedo, S.A., Obire, O. and Ijogubo, O.A. (2002) Myco-Flora of Kerosene Polluted Soil in Nigeria. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management, 6, 14-17.

 
 
Top