OJO  Vol.4 No.11 , November 2014
Ankle Fractures: A Literature Review of Current Treatment Methods
Abstract: Ankle fracture is one of the most common lower limb fractures for they account for 9% of all fractures representing a significant portion of the trauma workload. Ankle fractures usually affect young men and older women, however, below the age of 50; ankle fractures are the commonest in men. Two commonly used classification systems for ankle fractures include the danis weber AO classification and the Lauge-Hansen classification. There is biomechanical evidence that posterior non-locking plates are superior in stability than laterally placed plates; however there is little clinical evidence. There are several different methods of ankle fracture fixation, however the goal of treatment remains a stable anatomic reduction of talus in the ankle mortise and correction of the fibula length as a 1 mm lateral shift of the talus in the ankle mortise reduces the contact area by 42%, and displacement (or shortening) of the fibula more than 2 mm will lead to significant increases in joint contact pressures. Further research both biomechanically and clinically needs to be undertaken in order to clarify a preferable choice of fixation.
Cite this paper: Singh, R. , Kamal, T. , Roulohamin, N. , Maoharan, G. , Ahmed, B. and Theobald, P. (2014) Ankle Fractures: A Literature Review of Current Treatment Methods. Open Journal of Orthopedics, 4, 292-303. doi: 10.4236/ojo.2014.411046.

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