CE  Vol.5 No.22 , November 2014
Photovoice as a Pedagogical Tool: Examining the Parallel Learning Processes of College Students and Preschool Children through Service Learning
Abstract: This study seeks to understand the effects of service learning on both young children and college students. Subsequently, quantitative and qualitative methods are employed to gain insight into how service learning coupled with a photovoice methodology can provide an empowering pedagogical practice for participants. Through the use of a Qualtrics survey and photovoice methods, this study examines the effects of service learning sampling 25 preschool age children and 39 undergraduate college students. Findings of this study provide an understanding and a platform for young children and college students to share their thoughts on service learning. Through reflection and dialogue from the participants, we begin to understand how alternative methods to education move beyond the realm of the classroom and collectively into the hands of the teacher, young children, and college students.
Cite this paper: Hernandez, K. , Shabazian, A. and McGrath, C. (2014) Photovoice as a Pedagogical Tool: Examining the Parallel Learning Processes of College Students and Preschool Children through Service Learning. Creative Education, 5, 1947-1957. doi: 10.4236/ce.2014.522219.

[1]   Bringle, R. G., Phillips, M. A., & Hudson, M. (2004). The Measure of Service Learning: Research Scales to Assess Student Experiences. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

[2]   Butin, D. W. (2006). The Limits of Service Learning in Higher Education. Review of Higher Education, 29, 473-498.

[3]   Campus Compact (2013). Who We Are.

[4]   Chesbrough, R. D. (2011). College Students and Service: A Mixed Methods Exploration of Motivations, Choices, and Learning Outcomes. Journal of College Student Development, 52, 687-705.

[5]   Clary, E. G., Synder, M., Ridge, R. D., Copeland, J., Stukas, A. A., Haugen, J., & Miene, P. (1998). Understanding and Assessing the Motivations of Volunteers: A Functional Approach. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 74, 1516-1530.

[6]   Colby, S., Bercaw, L., Clark, A. M., & Galiardi, S. (2009). From Community Service to Service-Learning Leadership: A Program Perspective. New Horizons in Education, 57, 20-31.

[7]   Cook, K., & Buck, G. (2010). Photovoice: A Community-Based Socioscientific Pedagogical Tool. Science Scope, 33, 35-39.

[8]   Curley, M. F., & Stanton, T. K. (2012). The History of TRUCEN. Journal of Higher Education Outreach and Engagement, 16, 3-9.

[9]   Darbyshire, P., MacDougall, C., & Schiller, W. (2005). Multiple Methods in Qualitative Research with Children: More Insight or Just More? Qualitative Research, 5, 417-436.

[10]   Davison, C. M., Ghali, L. M., & Hawe, P. (2011). Insights into the School Environment That Surveys Alone Might Miss: An Exploratory Pilot Study Using Photovoice. Advances in School Mental Health Promotion, 4, 44-51.

[11]   Eppler, M. A., Ironsmith, M., Dingle, S. H., & Errickson, M. A. (2011). Benefits of Service-Learning for Freshmen College Students and Elementary School Children. Journal of the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, 11, 102-115.

[12]   Ethridge, E. A., & Branscomb, K. R. (2009). Learning through Action: Parallel Learning Processes in Children and Adults. Teaching and Teacher Education, 25, 400-408.

[13]   Fogel, A. (2009). Infancy, Infant, Family, and Society (5th ed.). Cornwall-on-Hudson, NY: Sloan Publishing.

[14]   Francis, J. E. (2011). The Functions and Norms that Drive University Student Volunteering. International Journal of Nonprofit and Voluntary Sector Marketing, 16, 1-12.

[15]   Harkavy, I., & Hartley, M. (2010). Pursuing Franklin’s Dream: Philosophical and Historical Roots of Service Learning. American Journal of Community Psychology, 46, 418-427.

[16]   Jacoby, B. (1996). Service Learning in Higher Education: Concepts and Practices. The Jossey-Bass Higher and Adult Education Series, San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

[17]   Jacoby, B. (1999). Partnerships for Service Learning. New Directions for Student Services, 87, 19-35.

[18]   Kellogg, R. (1969). Analyzing Children’s Art. Palo Alto, CA: Mayfield.

[19]   Mayesky, M. (2006). Creative Activities for Young Children. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth.

[20]   Quezada, R. L., & Christopherson, R. W. (2005). Adventure-Based Service Learning: University Students’ Self-Reflection Accounts of Service with Children. Journal of Experiential Education, 28, 1-16.

[21]   Schell, K., Ferguson, A., Hamoline, R., Shea, J., & Thomas-Maclean, R. (2009). Photovoice as a Teaching Tool: Learning by Doing with Visual Methods. International Journal of Teaching and Learning in Higher Education, 21, 340-352.

[22]   Simon, R. I. (1987). Empowerment as a Pedagogy of Possibility. National Council of Teachers of English, Language Arts, 64, 370-382.

[23]   Strack, R. W., Lovelace, K. A., Jordan, T. D., & Holmes, A. P. (2010). Framing Photovoice Using a Social-Ecological Logic Model as a Guide. Health Promotion Practice, 11, 629-636.

[24]   Vocino, A., & Polonsky, M. J. (2011). Volunteering for Research: A Test of the Psychometric Properties of the Volunteer Functions Inventory with Online Panellists. International Journal of Public Opinion Research, 23, 508-521.

[25]   Wang, C., & Burris, M. A. (1994). Empowerment through Photo Novella: Portraits of Participation. Health Education and Behavior, 21, 171-186.

[26]   Zimmerman, E., & Zimmerman, L. (2000). Art Education and Early Childhood Education: The Young Child as Creator and Meaning Maker with a Community Context. Young Children, 55, 87-92.