AJAC  Vol.5 No.16 , November 2014
IR and Raman Spectra Properties of Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3-BaO Quaternary Glass System
Abstract: Among new low-melting-point glasses, bismuth ate glass is deemed to have the most potential as an environmentally friendly replacement for polluting Pb-containing glasses. Current studies of boro-bismuthate glasses focus on the structural influence of the additional oxide in the context of low-melting-point electronic sealing applications. In this study, the structure of quaternary Bi2O3- ZnO-B2O3-BaO glasses was investigated spectroscopic ally, with Fourier-transform-infrared (FT-IR) and Raman spectra recorded for glasses with different main oxide contents. Signals in the FT-IR are mainly observed around 500 cm﹣1, 720 cm﹣1, 840 cm﹣1, 980 - 1080 cm﹣1, and 1200 - 1500 cm﹣1, while the Raman scattering peaks are located at 130 cm﹣1, 390 cm﹣1, 575 cm﹣1, 920 cm﹣1, and 1250 cm﹣1. The glasses are mainly structured around [BO3] units and the numbers of [BiO6] and [BiO3] units increase with the Bi2O3 content increasing. Concurrently, the FT-IR absorption peaks associated with [BO4] units shift to lower wave numbers, indicating a loosening of the glass structure. However, as the B2O3 content is increased, the numbers of [BO3] and [BO4] units increase, while those of [BiO3] and [BiO6] units decrease, highlighting a densification of the glass structure. ZnO acts as a network modifier in these glasses.
Cite this paper: He, F. , He, Z. , Xie, J. and Li, Y. (2014) IR and Raman Spectra Properties of Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3-BaO Quaternary Glass System. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 5, 1142-1150. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2014.516121.

[1]   Cheng, Y., Xiao, H.N., Guo, W.M. and Guo, W.M. (2006) Structure and Crystallization Kinetics of Bi2O3-B2O3 Glasses. Thermochimica Acta, 444, 173-178.

[2]   Zhao, X.Y., Wang, X.L., Lin, H. and Wang, Z.Q. (2007) Correlation among Electronic Polarizability, Optical Basicity and Interaction Parameter of Bi2O3-B2O3 Glasses. Physica B, 390, 293-300.

[3]   Bale, S., Rahman, S., Awasthi, A.M. and Sathe, V. (2008) Role of Bi2O3 Content on Physical, Optical and Vibrational Studies in Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3 Glasses. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 460, 699-703.

[4]   Ardelean, I., Cora, S. and Rusu, D. (2008) EPR and FT-IR Spectroscopic Studies of Bi2O3-B2O3-CuO Glasses. Physica B, 403, 3682-3685.

[5]   Saritha, D., Markandeya, Y., Salagram, M., Vithal, M., Singh, A.K. and Bhikshamaia, G. (2008) Effect of Bi2O3 on Physical, Optical and Structural Studies of ZnO-Bi2O3-B2O3 Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 354, 5573-5579.

[6]   Rada, S., Pascuta, P., Bosca, M., Culea, M., Pop, L. and Culea, E. (2008) Structural Properties of the Boro-Bismuthate Glasses Containing Gadolinium Ions. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 48, 255-258.

[7]   Culea, E., Pop, L., Simon, V., Neumann, M. and Bratu, I. (2004) Spectroscopic and Magnetic Behavior of xNd2O3 (1 - x)(3Bi2O3·PbO) Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 337, 62-67.

[8]   Maniu, D., Iliescu, T., Ardelean, I., Ciceo-Lucacel, R., Bolboaca, M. and Kiefer, W. (2002) Raman Study of B2O3-SrO-CuO Glasses. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 29, 241-244.

[9]   Chahine, A., Et-Tabirou, M. and Pascal, J.L. (2004) FTIR and Raman Spectra of the Na2O-CuO-Bi2O3-P2O5 Glasses. Materials Letters, 58, 2776-2780.

[10]   Radu, A., Baia, L., Kiefer, W. and Simon, S. (2005) The Influence of Manganese Cations on the Structure of Lead High Bismuthate Glasses and Glass Ceramics. Vibrational Spectroscopy, 39, 127-130.

[11]   Knoblochova, K., Ticha, H., Schwarz, J. and Tichy, L. (2008) Raman Spectra and Optical Properties of Selected Bi2O3-PbO-B2O3-GeO2 Glasses. Optical Materials, 31, 895-898.

[12]   Tarte, P. (1962) Etude infra-rouge des orthosilicates et des orthogermanates—III: Structures du type spinelle. Spectrochimica Acta, 19, 49-71.

[13]   Condrate, R.A. and Chakraborty, I.N. (1986) The Vibrational Spectra of B2O3-GeO2 Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 81, 271-284.

[14]   Iordanova, R., Dimitrov, V., Dimitriev, Y. and Klissurski, D. (1994) Glass Formation and Structure of Glasses in the V2O5-MoO3-Bi2O3 System. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 180, 58-65.

[15]   Iordanova, R., Dimitriev, Y., Dimitrov, V., Kassabov, S. and Klissurski, D. (1996) Glass Formation and Structure in the V2O5-Bi2O3-Fe2O3 Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 204, 141-150.

[16]   Kamitsos, E.I., Karakassides, M.A. and Patsis, A.P. (1989) Spectroscopic Study of Carbonate Retention in High-Basicity Borate Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 111, 252-262.

[17]   Kamitsos, E.I., Karakassides, M.A. and Cryssikos, G.D. (1987) Far-Infrared Spectra of Binary Alkali Borate Glasses. Solid State Ionics, 28-30, 687-692.

[18]   Fuxi, G. (1991) Optical and Spectroscopic Properties of Glass. Springer, Beijing.

[19]   He, F., Ping, C.M. and Zheng, Y.Y. (2013) Viscosity and Structure of Lithium Sodium Borosilicate Glasses. Physics Procedia, 48, 73-80.

[20]   Bishay, A. and El Loz, H. (1969) Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Some Irradiated Alkali Borate Glasses Containing Trivalent Cerium. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 1, 437-440.

[21]   Kammitos, E.I., Patsis, A.P., Karakassides, M.A. and Chryssikos, G.D. (1990) Infrared Reflectance Spectra of Lithium Borate Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 126, 52-67.

[22]   Chryssikos, G.D., Kamitsos, E.I., Patsis, A.P. and Karakassides, M.A. (1990) On the Structure of Alkali Borate Glasses Approaching the Orthoborate Composition. Materials Science and Engineering: B, 7, 1-4.

[23]   Mass, J., Avella, M., Jiménez, J., Callahan, M., Grant, E., Rakes, K., Bliss, D. and Wang, B. (2007) Cathodoluminescence Study of Extended Defects in Hydrothermal ZnO Crystals. Superlattices and Microstructures, 42, 306-313.

[24]   Lines, M.E., Miller, A.E., Nassau, K. and Lyons, K.B. (1987) Absolute Raman Intensities in Glasses: II. Germania-Based Heavy Metal Oxides and Global Criteria. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 89, 163-180.

[25]   Baia, L., Stefan, R., Kiefer, W., Popp, J. and Simon, S. (2002) Structural Investigations of Copper Doped B2O3-Bi2O3 Glasses with High Bismuth Oxide Content. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 303, 379-386.

[26]   Kharlamov, A.A., Almeida, R.M. and Heo, J. (1996) Vibrational Spectra and Structure of Heavy Metal Oxide Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 202, 233-240.

[27]   Agarwal, A., Seth, V.P., Sanghi, S., Gahlot, P. and Khasa, S. (2004) Mixed Alkali Effect in Optical Properties of Lithium-Potassium Bismuth Borate Glass System. Materials Letters, 58, 694-698.

[28]   Meera, B.N., Sood, A.K., Chandrabhas, N. and Ramakrishna, J. (1990) Raman Study of Lead Borate Glasses. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 126, 224-230.

[29]   Baia, L., Stefan, R., Popp, J., Simon, S. and Kiefer, W. (2003) Vibrational Spectroscopy of Highly Iron Doped B2O3-Bi2O3 Glass Systems. Journal of Non-Crystalline Solids, 324, 109-117.

[30]   He, F., Wang, J. and Deng, D.W. (2011) Effect of Bi2O3 on Structure and Wetting Studies of Bi2O3-ZnO-B2O3 Glasses. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 6332-6336.