AJAC  Vol.5 No.16 , November 2014
Extending Functionality of Microalgae and Transesterification under Supercritical Fluid Conditions
Abstract: The experimental data on supercritical CO2 extraction of microalgae are presented. It is confirmed that microalgae contains omega-3 fatty acid components. Phase equilibria data are presented for the triolein-methanol (T = 413 K, P = 5.8 - 11.9 MPa) and ethyl eicosapentaenoate-carbon dioxide (T = 313 - 333 K, P = 10 - 21 MPa) binary systems. The scheme of the batch-type experimental setup for supercritical transesterification of oils is presented. Temperature and molar ratio dependences of non-refined palm oil yield to fatty acid methyl esters (FAME) are presented for T = 563 - 693 K, methanol to palm oil molar ratio 39:1. Experiments on ultrasonic emulsification of rapeseed oil-ethanol mixture (molar ratios 150:1 - 7:1) were conducted. Research data on ultrasonic emulsion stability are presented for the time range of 0 - 40 minutes after ultrasonication completion. Correlation is defined between FAME yield of emulsified reaction mixtures and the emulsion grain size. FAME yields are compared for emulsified and non-emulsified reaction mixtures.
Cite this paper: Biktach, C. , Usmanov, R. , Gumerov, F. , Zaripov, Z. , Gabitov, F. , Khayrutdinov, V. and Abdulagatov, I. (2014) Extending Functionality of Microalgae and Transesterification under Supercritical Fluid Conditions. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 5, 1129-1141. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2014.516120.

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