AJAC  Vol.5 No.16 , November 2014
A Simple and Rapid Method for the Detection of Non-Ionic Surfactants
Abstract: A spectrophotometric approach for the detection of non-ionic surfactant (Triton X-100) has been proposed in this paper. This method does not involve extraction of the ion-associate with harmful solvents, but employs adhesion of the ion-association of potassium/non-ionic surfactants complex and tetraphenylporphyrin tetrasulfonic acid obtained by vigorous shaking. The adhered ion-associate was dissolved with water and its absorbance was measured. The sensitivity for Triton X-100 was determined to be 0.146 (expressed as absorbance of 1 mg/L solution). The adhesion tendency of ion-associate was found to be dependent on the water contact angle, which in turn was influenced by a high adhesion of the ion-associate and by low blank values. In this respect, a tetrafluo-roethylene vessel was found to be the most suitable for the detection of non-ionic surfactants. This spectrophotometrical method is simply and rapidly performed by a procedure based on mechanical shaking and can be employed to detect non-ionic surfactants containing more than 7 polyethylene oxide units.
Cite this paper: Kamaya, M. , Sugimoto, H. and Yamaguchi, Y. (2014) A Simple and Rapid Method for the Detection of Non-Ionic Surfactants. American Journal of Analytical Chemistry, 5, 1121-1128. doi: 10.4236/ajac.2014.516119.

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