WJCD  Vol.4 No.12 , November 2014
Pre-Operative Anaemia Predicts Poor Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Infra-Inguinal Bypass Surgery
ABSTRACT
Objectives: Critical limb ischaemia (CLI) requiring infra-inguinal bypass is a common presentation to the vascular surgery service. A significant number of CLI patients also present with anaemia as a comorbidity, the impact of which is unknown. We reviewed the impact of anaemia on mortality and amputation in patients who underwent infra-inguinal bypass surgery. Methods: Demographic data from all patients who underwent infra-inguinal bypass surgery for CLI at the Flinders Medical Centre & Repatriation General Hospital, South Australia between January 2005 and January 2010 were recorded. Haemoglobin (Hb) level, serum creatinine (SCr) level, mortality and amputation events were also recorded for retrospective analysis. Results: 190 patients (141M, 49F) who underwent infra-inguinal bypass surgery over a 5 year period were analyzed. 100 (53%) of these patients had mild anaemia (mean Hb 113 g/L, mean for females 103 g/L, mean for males 116 g/L). Those who presented with anaemia were more likely to have diabetes and renal dysfunction as comorbidities. Anaemia had a significant negative impact on mortality with 30% deaths in those who were anaemic compared to 15.6% deaths in those without anaemia odds ratio (OR) 1.76, 95% CI: 0.90 - 3.48, p < 0.01. This relationship was similar when looking at amputation as an outcome; with the number of amputations in those who were anaemic preoperatively 14% vs 6.7% in those who were not anaemic, OR 2.56, 95% CI: 1.00 - 6.54, p = 0.05. The negative impact of anaemia on mortality 43.5% vs 18.8% was also noted in patients who did not have diabetes or impaired renal function as a comorbidity p < 0.05. Conclusions: Anaemia is a common comorbidity in patients presenting with CLI and it predicts poor outcomes after infra-inguinal bypass. The role of transfusion is debatable, but it is clear that this group of patients requires careful management during the perioperative period to ensure they are medically optimized.

Cite this paper
Sierakowski, K. , Wong, Y. , Delaney, C. , Hakendorf, P. , Missen, K. , Spark, J. (2014) Pre-Operative Anaemia Predicts Poor Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Infra-Inguinal Bypass Surgery. World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases, 4, 594-600. doi: 10.4236/wjcd.2014.412072.
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