Back
 WJCMP  Vol.4 No.4 , November 2014
Bright Red Luminescence and Structural Properties of Eu3+ Ion Doped ZnO by Solution Combustion Technique
Abstract: Pure, and Europium ion doped Zinc oxide nanocrystals (ZnO:Eu3+) were synthesized by a solution combustion technique. The X-ray diffraction patterns (XRD) reveals the existence of the Eu2O3 phase. From the results of both, X-ray diffraction and photoluminescence spectra (PL) reveal that Eu3+ ions successfully substitute for Zn2+ ions in the ZnO lattice, moreover, when the amount of doped Europium was varied, this changes are showed in changes in the luminescence intensity. The PL is broad and a set of colors was emitted which originates from ZnO and the intra 4f transitions of Eu3+ ions. The existence of the Zn-O, Eu3+-O and O1s bonding energies were confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) technique. The samples morphology was registered by a scanning electron microscopy (SEM) technique, and reveals that Europium ions are present on the surface of the ZnO nanocrystals.
Cite this paper: López-Romero, S. , Quiroz-Jiménez, M. , García, M. and Aguilar-Castillo, A. (2014) Bright Red Luminescence and Structural Properties of Eu3+ Ion Doped ZnO by Solution Combustion Technique. World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics, 4, 227-234. doi: 10.4236/wjcmp.2014.44024.
References

[1]   Kashai, A. and Kaur, D. (2011) Pulsed Laser Deposition of Transparent ZnO/MgO Multilallers. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 509, 200-205.

[2]   Senthilkumaar, S., Rajendran, K., Banergee, S., et al. (2008) Influence of Mn Doping on the Microstructure and Optical of ZnO. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 11, 6-12.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2008.04.005

[3]   Lang, J.H., Hang, O., Yang, J., et al. (2010) Fabrication and Optical Properties of Ce-Doped ZnO Nanorods. Journal of Applied Physics, 107, Article ID: 074302.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/11.3318613

[4]   Tan, Y.S., Fang, Z.B., Chen, W., et al. (2011) Structural, Optical and Magnetic Properties of Eu-Doped ZnO Films. Journal of Alloy and Compounds, 509, 6321-6324.

[5]   Cambers, S.A., Schwaritz, D.W. and Liu, W.K. (2007) Growth, Electronic, and Magnetic Properties of Doped ZnO Epitaxial and Nanocrystalline Films. Applied Physics A, 88, 1-5.

[6]   Peres, M., Cruz, A., Ferreira, S., et al. (2007) Optical Studies of ZnO Nanocrystals Doped with Eu3+ Ions. Applied Physics A, 88, 129-133.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-007-3941-9

[7]   Liu, Y.S., Luo, W.Q., Li, R.F., et al. (2007) Spectroscopic Evidence of the Multiple-Site Structure of Eu3+ Ions Incorporated in ZnO Nanocrystals. Optics Letters, 32, 566-568.

[8]   Yukihara, E.G., Milliken, E.D., Oliveira, L.C., et al. (2013) Systematic Development of New Thermoluminescence and Optically Stimulated Luminescence Materials. Journal of Luminescence, 133, 2003-2210.

[9]   Gomez, M.A., Valeria, M.E.G., Queiruga, J.F., et al. (2013) Comparative Study of Structural and Optical Properties of ZnO Nanostructures Prepared by Three Different Aqueous Solution Methods. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 142, 325-332.

[10]   Yang, C.-C., Cheng, S.-Y., Lee, H.-Y., et al. (2006) Effects of Phase Transformation on Photoluminescence Behavior of ZnO:Eu Prepared in Different Solvents. Ceramics International, 32, 3741.

[11]   Jiang, N., Ye, S. and Yang, B. (2013) Microstructure of Yb and Li Co-Doped ZnO by Electron Microscopy. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 142, 37-43.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2013.06.027

[12]   Wang, Z.L. (2009) ZnO Nanowires and Nanobelt Platform for Nanotechnology. Materials Science and Engineering, 64, 33-71.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mser.2009.02.001

[13]   Yang, J.H., Li, X., Lang, J.H., et al. (2011) Synthesis and Optical Properties of Eu-Doped ZnO Nanosheets by Hydrothermal Method. Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, 14, 247-252.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mssp.2011.04.002

[14]   Sadhu, S., Zen, T. and Patra, A. (2007) Shape Controlled Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of ZnO:EU3+ Nanostructures. Chemical Physics Letters, 440, 121-124.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cplett.2007.04.015

[15]   Ishizumi, A., Takahashi, Y., Yamamoto, A., et al. (2008) Fabrication and Optical Properties of Eu3+-Doped ZnO Nanospheres and Nanorods. Materials Science & Engineering, 146, 212-215.

[16]   Wang, Z.I. (2007) Novel Nanostructures of ZnO for Nanoscale Photonics, Optoelectronics, Piezoelectronics, Piezoelectricity and Sensing. Applied Physics A, 88, 7-15.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00339-007-3942-8

[17]   López-Romero, S., Santiago, P. and Mendoza, D. (2011) Hydrothermal Synthesis and Characterization Structural of Flower-Like ZnO Nanostructures. Advanced Science Letters, 4, 1-5.

[18]   Panatarani, C., Lenggoro, I.W. and Okuyama, K. (2004) The Crystallinity and the Photoluminescent Properties of Spray Pyrolized ZnO Phosphor Containing Eu2+ and Eu3+ Ions. Journal of Physics and Chemistry of Solids, 65, 18431847.

[19]   Zhong, M.Y., Shang, G.Y., Li, Y.J., et al. (2007) Synthesis and Luminescence Properties of Eu3+-Doped ZnO Nanocrystals by a Hydrothermal Process. Materials Chemistry and Physics, 106, 305-309.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2007.06.007

[20]   Saleh, W.R., Saeed, N.M., Twej, W.A., et al. (2012) Synthesis Sol-Gel Derived Highly Transparent ZnO Thin Films for Optoelectronic Applications. Advances in Materials Physics and Chemistry, 2, 11-16.
http://dx.doi.org/10.4236/ampc.2012.21002

[21]   Jia, W.Y., Monge, K. and Fernandez, F. (2003) Energy Transfer from the Host to Eu3+ in ZnO. Optical Materials, 23, 27-32.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0925-3467(03)00054-5

[22]   Protasova, L.N., Rebrov, E.V., Choy, K.L., et al. (2011) ZnO Based Nanowires Grown by Chemical Vapour Deposition for Selective Hydrogenation of Acetylene Alcohols. Catalysis Science & Technology, 1, 768-777.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1039/c1cy00074h

[23]   Hong, R.J., Huang, J.B., He, H.B., et al. (2005) Influence of Different Post-Treatments on the Structure and Optical Properties of Zinc Oxide Thin Films. Applied Surface Science, 242, 346-352.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2004.08.037

[24]   Devi, S.K.L., Kumar, K.S. and Balakrishnan, A. (2011) Rapid Synthesis of Pure and Narrowly Distributed Eu Doped ZnO Nanoparticles by Solution Combustion Method. Materials Letters, 65, 35-37.

[25]   Miamani, T. and Patil, K.C. (2001) Solution Combustion Synthesis of Nanoscale Oxides and Their Composites. Materials Physics and Mechanics, 4, 134-137.

[26]   Patil, K.C., Hegde, M.S., Rattan, T. and Aruna, S.T. (2008) Chemistry of Nanocrystalline Oxide Materials: Combustion Synthesis, Properties and Applications. World Scientific Publishing Company, New Jersey.

[27]   Van Park, Y.R., Jan, J.I., Kwar, M.G., et al. (1998) Effect of Coupling Structure of Eu on the Luminescence Characteristics for ZnO/EuCl3 Phosphors. Applied Physics Letters, 72, 668.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.120833

[28]   Luo, L., Gong, L., Liu, Y.F., et al. (2010) Enhanced Ultraviolet Lasing From Europium-Doped Zinc Oxide Nanostructures. Optical Materials, 32, 1066-1070.

[29]   Phuruangrat, A., Yayapao, O., Thongtem, T. and Thongtem, S. (2014) Synthesis and Characterization of EuropiumDoped Zinc Oxide Photocatalyst. Journal of Nanomaterials, 2014, Article ID: 367529.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/367529

[30]   Petersen, J., Brimont, C., Gallart, M., et al. (2010) Correlation of Structural Properties with Energy Transfer of EuDoped ZnO Thin Film Prepared by Sol-Gel Process and Magnetron Reactive Sputtering. Journal of Applied Physics, 107, Article ID: 123522.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.3436628

[31]   Baek, S., Song, J. and Lim, S. (2007) Improvement of the Optical Properties of ZnO Nanorods by Fe Doping. Physica B, 399, 101-104.

[32]   Armelao, L., Bottaro, G., Pascoline, M., et al. (2008) Structure-Luminescence Correlations in Europium-Doped Sol-Gel ZnO Nanorods. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112, 4049-4054.

[33]   Du, Y.-P., Zhang, Y.-W., Sung, L.-D., et al. (2008) Efficient Energy Transfer in Monodisperse Eu-Doped ZnO Nanocrystals Synthesized from Metal Acetylacetonates in High-Boiling Solvents. The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 112, 12234-12241.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp802958x

[34]   Ursaki, V., Rusu, E., Zalamai, V., et al. (2004) Photoluminescence of Eu Doped ZnO Structures. Proceeding of SPIE, 5822, Chisinau, 3 May 2004.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/12.612229

[35]   Fujihara, S.O., Suzuqui, A. and Kimura, T. (2003) Ga-Doping Effects on Electrical and Luminescent Properties of ZnO: (La,Eu) of Red Phosphor Thin Films. Journal of Applied Physics, 94, 2411.

[36]   Qi, J.F., Matsumoto, T., Tanaka, M., et al. (2000) Europium Silicate Thin Films on Si Substrates Fabricates by a Radio Frequency Sputtering Method. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 33, 2074.

[37]   Ningthoujam, R.S. and Nanoci, J. (2008) Dispersible Li+ and Eu3+ Co-Doped Nanocrystalline: ZnO Luminescence and EPR Studies. Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 8, 3059.
http://dx.doi.org/10.1166/jnn.2008.152

[38]   Chen, P.L., Ma, X.Y. and Yang, D.R. (2007) ZnO:Eu Thin Films: Sol-Gel Derivation and Strong Photoluminescence from 5D0→7F0 Transition of Eu3+ Ions. Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 431, 317-320.

 
 
Top